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Historic England Research Records

Drawdykes Castle

Hob Uid: 11414
Location :
Cumbria
Carlisle
Stanwix Rural
Grid Ref : NY4192058560
Summary : Farmhouse, formerly a tower house, probably 14th century; converted to a house in 1676 by William Thackeray for John Aglionby. Of three storeys and three bays, basically the original tower with a Classical Revival facade and rear windows. Rear wall has a built-in Roman tombstone. Interior now used for storage. One of the earliest Classical Revivial facades in the area.
More information : (NY 4190 5855) Castle (NR) (Remains of) (NAT)
(NY 4191 5854) Tombstone (NAT) (1)

Drawdykes Castle is an early fortress (listed under 15th/16th century towers) without history. The first mention is in 1645. The castle was rebuilt circa 1676 and the last of the older building demolished in 1764. (2-3)

A Roman sepulchral slab, built into the wall at the back of the tower, is said to come from Stanwix, although Birley states that "it is certainly from Old Carlisle". The inscription reads, Dis Manibus Marci Triani Augustini tit(ul)um faciendum curauit Ael(ia) Ammillusima coniux kariss(ima). (4-6)

The tower, structurally sound, abuts a 19th century farmhouse, but is not used. See Ground Photo for North West aspect. See also Ground Photo for tombstone, which is extant and correctly described above. (7)

(NY 4190 5855) Drawdykes Castle (NAT) (8)

Drawdykes Castle
II*
Farmhouse, formerly tower house. Probably C14, converted to house 1676 by William Thackeray for John Aglionby. (9)

[Roman tombstone now recorded as NY 45 NW 78]

Listed, illustration and plan. (10)

Drawdykes Castle is a grade II* listed building. At the time of amending this record in 2012, access to information on the designation noted in source 9 above is available via the National Heritage List for England. (11)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 6" 1957
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 2
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details : (J F Curwen)
Page(s) : 368
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 13, 1913
Source Number : 11
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : The National Heritage List for England, Drawdykes Castle, [Accessed 01-FEB-2012]
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Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details : (T H Hodgson)
Page(s) : 199-200
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 12, 1912
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Roman Wall 1957, 11th edition illus (J C Bruce)
Page(s) : 205-6
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Research on Hadrian's Wall
Source details :
Page(s) : 10-Nov
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : The Roman inscriptions of Britain, 1. Inscriptions on stone
Source details :
Page(s) : 621
Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RWE 14-APR-66
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 8
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 1:10000 1976
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : City of Carlisle, Cumbria: 22.9.83
Page(s) : 20
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : The medieval fortified buildings of Cumbria : an illustrated gazetteer and research guide
Source details :
Page(s) : 80
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : vol.29

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Altar
Evidence : Architectural Component
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C14
Monument End Date : 1399
Monument Start Date : 1300
Monument Type : Tower House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : 1676
Monument End Date : 1676
Monument Start Date : 1676
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : c1764
Monument End Date : 1774
Monument Start Date : 1754
Monument Type : Farmhouse
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Hadrian's Wall Project Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 4158/30
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 77642
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 33023
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Cumbria)
External Cross Reference Number : 3807
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1087728
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 45 NW 8
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 10625
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 938870
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 45 NW 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-04-14
End Date : 1966-04-14
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: HADRIAN'S WALL PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1993-08-01