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Historic England Research Records

Greta Bridge Vicus

Hob Uid: 1143630
Location :
County Durham
County Durham
Rokeby
Grid Ref : NZ0850013400
Summary : The site of Greta Bridge vicus; excavations and geophysical survey have uncovered the sites of the vicus attached to the Roman fort at Greta Bridge. Two areas were uncovered; one to the north of the fort on the same side of the River Greta, the other appears to have been a ribbon development following the original Roman road on the other side of the river. A timber courtyard building was excavated at the trans-river site, it was originally thought to be a mansio, but its apparent low status would argue against such an interpretation. After this building burnt down in the late 3rd century AD it was succeeded by stone-built barrack like buildings with porticos, possibly indicating commercial activities. The vicus appears to have been extant from circa AD 150 to the early 4th century AD, the fort's garrison may have been greatly reduced for the campaigns of Constantine.
More information : The site of Greta Bridge vicus; excavations and geophysical survey have uncovered the sites of the vicus attached to the Roman fort at Greta Bridge. Two areas were uncovered; one to the north of the fort on the same side of the River Greta, the other appears to have been a ribbon development following the original Roman road on the other side of the river. A timber courtyard building was excavated at the trans-river site, it was originally thought to be a mansio, but its apparent low status would argue against such an interpretation. After this building burnt down in the late 3rd century AD it was succeeded by stone-built barrack like buildings with porticos, possibly indicating commercial activities. The vicus appears to have been extant from circa AD 150 to the early 4th century AD, the fort's garrison may have been greatly reduced for the campaigns of Constantine. (1)

Scheduled. (2)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details : PJ Casey and B Hoffman 'Rescue excavations in the vicus of the fort at Greta Bridge, Co. Durham, 1972-4'
Page(s) : 111-183
Figs. : Jan-24
Plates : XXIII-XXIV
Vol(s) : 29, 1998
Source Number : 2
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 14-Feb-00
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : AD150 to early C4
Monument End Date : 332
Monument Start Date : 150
Monument Type : Vicus
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 32721
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DU 114
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 01 SE 34
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 19926
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : GRETA BRIDGE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1972-01-01
End Date : 1974-12-31
Associated Activities : GRETA BRIDGE
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1973-01-01
End Date : 1973-12-31