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Historic England Research Records

Hucclecote Roman Villa

Hob Uid: 115209
Location :
Gloucestershire
Gloucester
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : SO8769017550
Summary : A Roman villa of corridor plan with bath buildings and mosaic pavements. It was excavated in 1911 and 1933 and evidence suggests that is dates from approximately 150 AD to the 5th century. Evidence for later Bronze Age and Iron Age occupation were also encountered. Roman finds include coins and a brooch. The finds were divided between Gloucester, Cheltenham and Stroud museums. Scheduled.
More information : (SO 87691755) Roman Villa (R) (Site of) (1)

The Roman villa at Hucclecote was excavated by Canon Bazeley in 1911,
and, more thoroughly by E.M Clifford and W.H Knowles in 1933. Of
corridor plan, it measured approximately 100ft N/S by 50ft E/W, with
a corridor on the east side, additional rooms at the ends, and wings
and bath buildings projecting to the west. A piece of incised wall-
plaster found on the site, bearing the sketch of a house gable,may
idicate that the villa was two storeys. The centre block was thought
to have been built c.150 AD, and occupation may have been continuous
until some time in the C5th. A coins of Theodosius, found beneath one of the mosaic pavements in the villa, proved it to have been laid after AD 395 and other coins dated from Trajan to Honorius, though predominantly Constantinian. Pottery ranged from C1st and C2nd. Samian to red-coated ware and ollae of up to c.400 AD. Below the centre of the building was a Late Bronze Age habitation site with a surrounding ditch containing flints and fragments of Deveril-Rimbury ware, and beneath another room was an occupation trench, with a spear-head, Iron Age pottery and an iron object thought to be a brooch. Finds are in the Gloucester, Cheltenham and Stroud Museums. (2-5)

Excavations in 1958 to the south of the villa (at SO 8769-1750) prior
to the building of a school, revealed stone footings, probably for
half-timbered outbuildings belonging to the early life of the villa.
Finds included Samian ware of the Flavian period and an early C2nd brooch. (6)

Historic aerial photographs of this site were viewed and assessed as part of the Severn Vale NMP project, but recorded no features. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1955
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 13
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 34, 1911
Source Number : 3
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : (EM Clifford)
Page(s) : 323-376
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 55, 1933
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ro Villas in Britain typescript Appx VI (J Liversedge)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Bristol Archaeological Research Group (B.A.R.G.) bulletin
Source details : (Hebditch and Grinsell)
Page(s) : 17
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2, 1968
Source Number : 6
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : (EM Clifford)
Page(s) : 42-49
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 80, 1961
Source Number : 7
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details : GS 59
Page(s) : 73
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.1
Source Number : 8
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : S Crowther/ 29 July 2014/ Severn Vale NMP project
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Enclosure
Evidence : Find, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 150
Monument Type : Villa, Mosaic
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Enclosure
Object Type : LITHIC IMPLEMENT, SPEAR, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery, Bronze
Period : Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : BROOCH, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Villa, Mosaic
Object Type : BROOCH, COIN
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Gloucestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 468
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : GC 188
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Gloucestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 0468-0469
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SO 81 NE 9
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, CHURCHDOWN LANE, HUCCLECOTE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1910-01-01
End Date : 1911-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHURCHDOWN LANE, HUCCLECOTE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1933-01-01
End Date : 1933-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHURCHDOWN LANE, HUCCLECOTE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1958-01-01
End Date : 1958-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HUCCLECOTE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1972-01-01
End Date : 1972-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HUCCLECOTE SCHOOL, CHURCHDOWN LANE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1989-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HUCCLECOTE SCHOOL
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1988-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HUCCLECOTE ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1989-01-01
End Date : 1989-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HUCCLECOTE ROMAN VILLA, (A417 BROCKWORTH BY-PASS)
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1989-01-01
End Date : 1990-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HUCCLECOTE CENTRE (A417 BROCKWORTH BY-PASS)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1990-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BROCKWORTH SEWER DIVERSION, (A417 BROCKWORTH BY-PASS)
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HUCCLECOTE CENTRE (A417 BROCKWORTH BY-PASS)
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HUCCLECOTE CENTRE, (A417 BROCKWORTH BY-PASS)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, A417 BROCKWORTH BY-PASS
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HUCCLECOTE RESOURCE CENTRE
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1996-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HUCCLECOTE RESOURCE CENTRE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1996-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SEVERN VALE NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2013-08-12
End Date : 2016-01-31