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Historic England Research Records

The Vineyard

Hob Uid: 115331
Location :
Gloucestershire
Tewkesbury
Highnam
Grid Ref : SO8140019780
Summary : A Medieval and Post-Medieval moated site, visible as earthworks, was mapped from aerial photographs taken in 1955, 1966 and 1968. The house, later known as The Vineyard, was built by one of the abbots of Gloucester and was enlarged and moated by Abbot Froucester (1381-1412). After the Dissolution it became the bishop's residence. The house was plundered for its stone when it was used by Parliamentary forces (1641-1643). Only three sides of the remaining moat ditch were mapped due to coverage by trees and shrubs. The interior of the moated site appears as a number of irregularly shaped earthwork ditches and banks of no discernible plan, probably the result of stone robbing from the former house. Immediately to the west, north and southern side of the medieval moat is an earthwork breastwork which may be a Civil War period defence. The external ditch has a breastwork earthwork bank behind it with two angular bastions projecting perpendicular from these earthen banks, to provide covering fire, at the north-west and south-west corners.
More information : (SO 81401978) Earthwork (NR)
(Name: SO 81511985) The Vineyard (NR) (1)

The house later known as The Vineyard was built by one of the abbots of Gloucester and was enlarged and moated by Abbot Froucester (1381- 1412). After the Dissolution it became the bishop's residence.(a).

It was plundered by the Parliamentarians at Christmas 1641 and subsequently used by them as an outpost of Gloucester, guarding the western approach and bridge. It was abandoned in August 1643. By 1647-8 the residence was in a ruined condition and was being robbed for its stone (b).

The three sided moat (Steep slopes on the N.preclude a fourth side) is well preserved. It encloses an area of pasture where irregularities of the surface and low banks indicate building footings. The causeway on the E was constructed aout 1938 (c).Immediately outside the W arm of the moat is a breastwork which appears to be of the Civil War period.

The obvious area for the vineyard (the existence of which is attested in Md records) is that centred at SO 81501978 and now occupied by the Isolation Hospital.

Surveyed at 1:2500. (2)

This is the best surviving earthwork relating to the siege of Gloucester of 1643. Its plan is similar to the Queen's sconce at Newark. The former bishop's residence was refortified in March 1643 to keep watch on the Royalist force at Highnam, 1.5 miles to the West. A new shallow ditch incorporating artillery emplacements (bastions) on the west-facing corners was added to the Mediaeval moat. Colonel Forbes abandoned the position and burnt the house on August 10th, and the Royalist Welsh army subsequently captured the site. (3)

SO 8139 1978 A Medieval and Post-Medieval moated site, visible as earthworks, was mapped from aerial photographs taken in 1955, 1966 and 1968. The house, later known as The Vineyard, was built by one of the abbots of Gloucester and was enlarged and moated by Abbot Froucester (1381-1412). After the Dissolution it became the bishop's residence. The house was plundered for its stone when it was used by Parliamentary forces (1641-1643). Only three sides of the remaining moat ditch were mapped due to coverage by trees and shrubs. The west side of the moat is about 78 metres long and 12 metres wide, the north side 80 metres long and 9 metres wide and the southern side 67 metres long and 7 metres wide, though the latter was truncated by the boundary of the site of the former hospital. The internal area defined by the moat is about 60 metres north to south and 71 metres east to west. The interior of the moated site appears as a number of irregularly shaped earthwork ditches and banks of no discernible plan, probably the result of stone robbing from the former house. Immediately to the west, north and southern side of the medieval moat is an earthwork breastwork which may be a Civil War period defence. The external ditch has a breastwork earthwork bank behind it with two angular bastions projecting perpendicular from these earthen banks, to provide covering fire, at the north-west (SO 8131 1980) and south-west (SO 8135 1971) corners. (4-8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 25" 1923
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Source Number : 1a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hist of Glos 1819 200-3 (Fosbrooke)
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Source Number : 8
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : 'Churcham: Introduction', A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume 10: Westbury and Whitstone Hundreds (1972) http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=15742 (Date accessed: 07 November 2006)
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Source Number : 1b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Glos Collection on the Civil War 1825 (J.Washburn)
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Source Number : 1c
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Mr.C.Munn Gardener Isolation Hospital
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Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ANK 07-NOV-67
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Source Number : 3
Source : Gloucester and the Civil War : a city under siege
Source details :
Page(s) : 63-5
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Source Number : 4
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF F21/540/1564 0214-0215 18-MAR-1955
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Source Number : 5
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : CUCAP (AUF92) 24-APR-1968
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Source Number : 6
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : CUCAP (AUF93) 24-APR-1968
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Source Number : 7
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/90042 205-206 06-APR-1990
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Monastic Dwelling, Moat, Vineyard, Bank (Earthwork), Ditch, Trackway
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Extant 1540-1643
Monument End Date : 1643
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Bishops Palace, Breastwork, Bank (Earthwork), Ditch, Trackway
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Civil War
Monument End Date : 1649
Monument Start Date : 1642
Monument Type : Siegework, Sconce, Bastion, Breastwork, Bank (Earthwork), Trackway, Ditch
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : GC 339
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Gloucestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 4225
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Gloucestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 384
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SO 81 NW 41
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SO 81 NW 41
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1967-11-07
End Date : 1967-11-07
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT OVER HOSPITAL
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1996-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, OVER HOSPITAL, HIGHNAM
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, GLOUCESTERSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL: SEVERN ESTUARY NMP, RAPID COASTAL ZONE ASSESSMENT SURVEY
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2006-04-10
End Date : 2008-11-01
Associated Activities : Primary, VINEYARD MOATED SITE
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31