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Historic England Research Records

Kimsbury Castle

Hob Uid: 115542
Location :
Gloucestershire
Stroud
Painswick
Grid Ref : SO8694412083
Summary : Kimsbury Castle, a sub-triangular multivallate Iron Age hillfort, is visible as earthworks on historic aerial photographs and remote sensing data. Located on Painswick Hill, the monument has three earthwork banks and ditches on its NNW-SSE and SW-NE sides, with its third WSW-ENE side being a steep scarp slope with no visible bank defences. Extensive medieval and/or post-medieval quarrying has taken place within the internal enclosure and a modern footpath cuts through the defensive banks on the SW facing side. The hillfort is visible on aerial photographs taken in 2014.
More information : (SO 869120) Kimsbury or Castle Godwin (NAT) Camp (NR) (1)

A fort of about 7 acres, probably of 1st.century BC, with three
closely-set banks with two ditches on its south side and the
remains of at least one bank and ditch on its north side. On the
south east side there is an inturned entrance (2) and
another gate on the northwest entered by "an escarpment track of
early date"; a "quasi-central well (of uncertain date) survives".
(3) A rusty sword and some spearheads were found here about 1749
and Roman coins had been found at various times (4). About 1921
Iron Age pottery, a bronze harp-shaped fibula (circa 200 BC) and
some 3rd.century AD red and black pottery were found near the
fort. (5) The fort has been known as Kimsbery, Kingsbarrow
Castle and Castle Godwin (a). (2-7)

A sub-triangular IA fort, bi-vallate, with a counterscarp bank on
the south and west sides. There is a berm partway down the outer
rampart. The steep natural slopes on the north side are
augmented by a rampart, little of which now remains.

The main entrance on the SE side of the fort has been mutilated
by stone quarrying, but the inturning of the inner rampart is
still well defined. A possible entrance in the NW corner is much
damaged and is utilized by a modern track.

The interior has been extensively quarried and the conical
hollow at SO 86931213 noted by Baddeley (3) is perhaps
associated with this; it is unlikely to have been a well.

Re-surveyed at 1:2500. (8)

A Roman-British pruning hook form Kimsbury is now in Gloucester Museum, (Acc no.A440). [Illustration and further detail included]. (9)

Kimsbury Castle, a sub-triangular multivallate Iron Age hillfort, is visible as earthworks on historic aerial photographs and remote sensing data and was mapped as part of the Severn Vale NMP project. Located on Painswick Hill and centred at SO 86920 12108, the monument has three earthwork banks and ditches on its NNW-SSE and SW-NE sides, with its third WSW-ENE side being a steep scarp slope with no visible bank defences. A possible entrance is at SO 87052 12118 though extensive medieval and/or post-medieval quarrying has taken place within the internal enclosure, and so alterations may have occurred for the removal of extracted quarry material. A modern footpath cuts through the defensive banks on the SW facing side. The hillfort is visible on aerial photographs taken in 2014. (10-11)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1955
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Prehistoric England 1960 122 (N Thomas)
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Source Number : 10
Source : Light detection and ranging (lidar) airborne survey
Source details : 410 LIDAR Cranham Local History Society Lidar Survey Project 2009
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Source Number : 11
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SO 8510 10-JUL-2014
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : T Bristol & Glos AS 50 1928 28 (W Baddeley)
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hist of Glos 1779 592 (S Rudder)
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : JBAA 27 1921 105 (W Baddeley)
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Camden's Britannia 1 1806 398 (R Gough)
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Source Number : 6a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Mon Brit (Aubrey)
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Painswick Official Guide nd 11 Map
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Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 MJF 10-MAR-70
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Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Brit Archaeol Rep 69 pt.2 1979 676 (S E Rees)
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Hillfort, Multivallate Hillfort
Evidence : Earthwork, Find
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Hillfort, Multivallate Hillfort
Object Type : BROOCH, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : COIN, AXE, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : GC 51
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Gloucestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 442
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SO 81 SE 12
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SO 81 SE 12
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-03-10
End Date : 1970-03-10
Associated Activities : PAINSWICK BEACON HILLFORT, PAINSWICK
Activity type : MANAGEMENT SURVEY
Start Date : 1995-01-01
End Date : 1995-12-31
Associated Activities : PAINSWICK BEACON HILLFORT
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2003-01-01
End Date : 2003-12-31
Associated Activities : PAINSWICK BEACON (KIMSBURY CAMP)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31
Associated Activities : PAINSWICK BEACON
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2006-01-01
End Date : 2006-12-31
Associated Activities : SEVERN VALE NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2013-08-12
End Date : 2016-01-31
Associated Activities : LAND AT PAINSWICK BEACON
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2014-01-01
End Date : 2014-12-31