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Historic England Research Records

Goughs Old Cave

Hob Uid: 1157275
Location :
Somerset
Sedgemoor
Cheddar
Grid Ref : ST4678053890
Summary : Located a short distance west of the better known Gough's (New) Cave (ST 45 SE 10), the cave was originally known as The Great Stalactite Cavern, and was on show from at least the late 18th century (when it may also have been inhabited). By 1877, the proprietor was Richard Cox Gough, whose name became associated with it. However, by the 1890s the cave had been eclipsed both as a public attraction and an archaeological site, by Gough's New Cave. The cave clearly held a large accumulation of material, but much was removed during the 19th century with little record. The talus was removed without record in 1934. Sample excavation of what little remained in the way of cave deposits occurred between 1954-8, although the deposits proved to have been disturbed considerably. Finds included an assemblage of animal bones, including mammals and birds, from which 3 radiocarbon dates have been obtained, ranging from circa 12500 bp to 9300 bp. Iron Age and Romano-British pottery and quern fragments and features described as "hearths" were also found. Other Roman finds included a coin and a few bronze items.
More information :

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : University of Bristol Spelaeological Society proceedings
Source details : Tratman, EK. Gough's Old Cave, Cheddar, Somerset.
Page(s) : 76-101
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 9(1), 1961
Source Number : 2
Source : Numismatic chronicle
Source details : Boon, GC.
Page(s) : 231-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 17, 1957
Source Number : 11
Source : Romano-British cavemen : cave use in Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 100
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19
Source Number : 12
Source : A gazetteer of Romano-British cave sites and their finds
Source details :
Page(s) : 126-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : University of Bristol Spelaeological Society proceedings
Source details : Irwin, DJ. The Exploration of Gough's Cave and its Development as a Show Cave.
Page(s) : 95-101
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 17(2), 1985
Source Number : 4
Source : University of Bristol Spelaeological Society proceedings
Source details : Irwin, DJ. Gough's Old Cave - It's History.
Page(s) : 250-66
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 17(3), 1986
Source Number : 5
Source : University of Bristol Spelaeological Society proceedings
Source details : Burleigh, R. Radiocarbon Dates for Human and Animal Bones from Mendip Caves.
Page(s) : 267-74
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 17(3), 1986
Source Number : 6
Source : University of Bristol Spelaeological Society proceedings
Source details : Harrison, CJO. Bird Remains from Gough's Old Cave, Cheddar, Somerset.
Page(s) : 409-411
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 18(3), 1989
Source Number : 7
Source : University of Bristol Spelaeological Society proceedings
Source details : Farrant, AR. The Gough's Cave System: Exploration and Reappraisal of the Geomorphology.
Page(s) : Mar-18
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19(1), 1991
Source Number : 8
Source : University of Bristol Spelaeological Society proceedings
Source details : Branigan, K and R Dearne. Romano-British Use of the Caves of Cheddar Gorge.
Page(s) : 19-32
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19(1), 1991
Source Number : 9
Source : University of Bristol Spelaeological Society proceedings
Source details : Irwin, DJ. Cave Notes: A photograph of Jack and Nancy Weeks.
Page(s) : 373-4
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19(3), 1993
Source Number : 10
Source : University of Bristol Spelaeological Society proceedings
Source details : Williams, RGJ and DJ Irwin. Cave Notes: Gough's Old Cave, Cheddar.
Page(s) : 59-61
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 20(1), 1994

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Upper Palaeolithic
Display Date : Upper Palaeolithic
Monument End Date : -10000
Monument Start Date : -40000
Monument Type : Cave
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature
Monument Period Name : Early Mesolithic
Display Date : Early Mesolithic
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -10000
Monument Type : Cave
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Cave, Hearth
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Cave, Hearth
Evidence : Enhanced Natural Feature, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Cave occupied late 18th century
Monument End Date : 1799
Monument Start Date : 1767
Monument Type : Cave, Rock Cut Dwelling
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Period : Upper Palaeolithic
Component Monument Type : Cave
Object Type : ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material :
Period : Early Mesolithic
Component Monument Type : Cave
Object Type : ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material :
Period : Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Cave, Hearth
Object Type : VESSEL, SADDLE QUERN
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Cave, Hearth
Object Type : VESSEL, SADDLE QUERN, COIN, BRACELET
Object Material : Pottery, Bronze

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 10398
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 10399
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 45 SE 114
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 194587
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 194593
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :