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Historic England Research Records

Liddel Strength

Hob Uid: 11686
Location :
Cumbria
Carlisle
Kirkandrews
Grid Ref : NY4018074160
Summary : Possible motte and two baileys, earthwork remains. The remains comprise an eroded motte, standing 6.6 metres above an inner bailey to the east, with an outer bailey further to the east. There is no trace of a ditch between the motte and the inner bailey. There is a ditch aound the south side of the combined motte and inner ward. This ditch is massive, up to 4.1 metres deep externally and up to 8.2 metres below the inner rampart of the inner ward. It is likely that it initially enclosed a ringwork, and that the motte was a later insertion on the west side of it. The castle is first mentioned in 1174 and was taken and destroyed in 1346. It was replaced by a stone tower house, but this is not documented after 1399.Scheduled.
More information : (NY 402 741) Liddel Strength (TI) Motte & Bailey (GT) (1)

Motte and double bailey, probably of late - 11th/12th century, situated on the edge of a sheer cliff 160' above the Liddel Water. The outer bailey is defended by an earthen rampart and a ditch 25' deep, and the inner by a rampart 35' high. Foundations exist to the north-west of the motte, probably of the mansion which later occupied the site. (2-4)

Scheduled. (5)

Correctly described and well preserved. Re-surveyed at 1:2500. (6)

Liddel Strength, is an earthwork castle situated at NY 4018 7416, at the edge of a steep wooded escarpment of boulder clay. The whole site has been affected by the erosion of the river cliff, and is covered by rough pasture, scattered scrub and small trees. The remains are unusual. At face value they comprise an eroded motte, standing 6.6 m above an inner bailey to the east, with an outer bailey further to the E. However, it may be significant that there is no trace of a ditch between the motte and the inner `bailey' and the ditch around the S side of the combined motte and inner ward, connecting with the river cliff, describes a neat semi-circle as if enclosing a cohesive whole. This ditch is massive, up to 4.1 m deep externally and up to 8.2 m below the inner rampart of the inner ward. The impression is that it initially enclosed a ringwork, and that the motte was a later insertion on the W side of it. The outer bailey, less strong than the inner, is bounded by a bank, up to 1.4 m high internally, and outer ditch, up to 2.2 m deep externally. Contained within the inner ward are the turf covered remains of a tower (see NY 47 SW 6).

The castle is first mentioned in 1174 and was taken and destroyed in 1346 to be superceded by the tower; it seems likely that it was never rebuilt in stone (7a-7b).
The work was surveyed at 1:500 scale by RCHME Newcastle office; the original plan and field account are held in the NMR archive. (7)

Listed with reconstruction drawing and photograph. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1957
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Source Number : 2
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details : JF Curwen
Page(s) : 91-107
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Vol(s) : 10, 1910
Source Number :
Source : Liddel Strength (2 of 2)/pencil survey
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Source : Liddel Strength/ink survey
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Source : Liddel Strength (1 of 2)/pencil survey
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Source Number : 3
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details : RG Collingwood
Page(s) : 390-7
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Vol(s) : 26, 1926
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Magna Britannia 4 1816 p12 (Lysons)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : Ancient Monuments of England and Wales 1965 p32 (MOW)
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 BHP 24-OCT-72
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Keith Blood/06-MAY-1992/RCHME: Liddel Strength Survey
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Source Number : 7a
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
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Vol(s) : 1983
Source Number : 7b
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Curwen JF
Page(s) : 91-101
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Source Number : 8
Source : The medieval fortified buildings of Cumbria : an illustrated gazetteer and research guide
Source details :
Page(s) : 233
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : vol.29

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 1346
Monument Start Date : 1174
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey, Ringwork
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Documented 1300
Monument End Date : 1300
Monument Start Date : 1300
Monument Type : Pele Tower, Granary, Great Hall, Chapel, Grange, Kitchen, Cow House
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Ca. 1346-1399
Monument End Date : 1399
Monument Start Date : 1346
Monument Type : Tower House
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : CU 352
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 47 SW 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 975069
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 47 SW 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1972-10-24
End Date : 1972-10-24
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: LIDDEL STRENGTH SURVEY
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1992-02-17
End Date : 1992-03-18