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Historic England Research Records

Manless Town

Hob Uid: 117565
Location :
Gloucestershire
Cotswold
Brimpsfield
Grid Ref : SO9289611637
Summary : The earthworks of the deserted Medieval settlement at Manless Town, south west of Brimpsfield are visible on aerial photographs. Excavations have uncovered foundations, plus pottery ranging in date from the 12th to the 14th centuries. The remains also include a later Medieval sheepcote which would have provided shelter for the flock kept on the former arable fields of this village. During excavations for a reservoir, finds included an infant skeleton, various Roman pottery vessel sherds, a coin of Faustina II, a blue segmented bead and a polished stone adze fragment.
More information : SO 928117. The site of a possible DMV at Manless Town, Brimpsfield, was excavated by G I Harding in 1962. Trenches
cut on the supposed alignment of house sites revealed foundations more characteristic of yard walls than of walls of houses. A small area between the line of the trenches and the modern road at the west end of the alleged village yielded walls enclosing a yard, with two other walls which may have formed parts of two separate buildings. No house plan was revealed. There appeared to be two or three different periods of construction, and pottery found suggests occupation from the 12th to 14th centuries. (1)

Remains indicative of a DMV are visible on APs in the are centred SO 929116. (2)

Enclosures and rectangular buildings, Stoneyhill, 929115. (3)

SO 92851155. Excavations for a reservoir yielded various finds including an infant skeleton, two nearly complete orange buff cordoned vessels, a coin of Faustina II, a blue segmented bead, and a polished stone adze fragment. Also found were fragments
from about three dozen vessels. (4)

Interim report: (c) Within the past 2 months (Sep-Nov 1990) the landowner has chosen to eradicate all evidence of occupation by levelling the site and dumping the remains in a nearby quarry. (5)

SO 928 116. Manless Town listed in review of deserted Medieval
villages in Gloucestershire. (6)

A rapid examination of air photography (7a) shows the earthworks of the DMV extending from SO 927 118 southeast to SO 930 115, prior to their destruction. (7)

These earthworks of the deserted Medieval settlement of Manless Town described by the previous authorities are visible in aerial photographs.

Centred on SO 9296 1153 and overlying a toft boundary are the earthwork remains of a Medieval sheepcote. This building was probably built after the village had been deserted and the arable fields converted to pasture. The sheepcote would have been used to provide shelter for the flock during the winter months.(10, 11)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details :
Page(s) : 284
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 8, 1964
Source Number : 1a
Source : Medieval Village Research Group annual report
Source details :
Page(s) : 5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 10, 1962
Source Number : 7a
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : NMR, SO 9211/1-3, 7-8; SO 9311/1-7, 10-2
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Glevensis : Gloucestershire and District Archaeological Research Group review
Source details : Wingham, H and N Spry. More Recent Views on Manless Town, Brimpsfield.
Page(s) : 26-32
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 27, 1993
Source Number : 9
Source : Glevensis : Gloucestershire and District Archaeological Research Group review
Source details : Newbury, JR. Map and Documentary Interpretation in Brimpsfield Parish.
Page(s) : 33-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 27, 1993
Source Number : 10
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF CPE/UK/1913 4072, 4073 30-DEC-1946
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF CPE/UK/2098 4024, 4025 28-MAY-1947
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 1b
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Letter (DMV Research Group 14.3.71)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : APs (RAF 106G/UK/1558 7.6.46 3256-7)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHM Ms Notes and Plan 17.11.71
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Glevensis : Gloucestershire and District Archaeological Research Group review
Source details :
Page(s) : 8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 8, 1974
Source Number : 5
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Letter from Mr G T Harding 15-Nov-1990
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5c
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Interim Report by Mr G T Harding (MSS with NMR Library)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Glevensis : Gloucestershire and District Archaeological Research Group review
Source details : Aston, M and L Viner
Page(s) : 25
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 15, 1981
Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Andrew Miller/14-SEP-1993/RCHME: AP Primary Recording Project
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : 12th-14th C
Monument End Date : 1400
Monument Start Date : 1101
Monument Type : Deserted Settlement
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Deserted Settlement
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Period : Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : POLISHED AXEHEAD, ADZE
Object Material : Stone
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : HUMAN REMAINS, COIN, VESSEL, BEAD
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Medieval
Component Monument Type : Deserted Settlement
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Gloucestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 4689
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1405816
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SO 91 SW 18
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1398010
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : MANLESS TOWN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1962-01-01
End Date : 1963-12-31
Associated Activities : MANLESS TOWN, MISERDEN PARK (RESERVOIR)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1973-01-01
End Date : 1973-12-31
Associated Activities : RCHME: AIR PHOTOGRAPH PRIMARY RECORDING PROJECT 1992-1996
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1992-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : ENGLISH HERITAGE: GLOUCESTERSHIRE NMP (NORTH COTSWOLDS AND FOREST OF DEAN)
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2006-12-31