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Historic England Research Records

Potlock Cursus

Hob Uid: 1212767
Location :
Derbyshire
South Derbyshire
Twyford and Stenson, Willington
Grid Ref : SK3116628650
Summary : A Neolithic cursus monument is visible as extensive cropmarks on air photographs. The monument is defined by two intermittently visible parallel ditches orientated west-south-west to east-north-east. The cursus may be associated with other cropmark features within two further complexes in the immediate area.
More information : A Neolithic cursus monument visible as the cropmark traces of two parallel ditches circa 40 metres apart and running roughly south-south-west to east-north-east. The site was first trenched in 1967, and further survey and excavation has occurred since the late 1980s. The cursus has been traced for a distance of at least 1560 metres, lying near the edge of the flood-plain of the Trent. Excavations in 1994-5 in advance of work on a bypass recovered Peterborough Ware sherds close to the bottom of the southern cursus ditch. Charred organic remains were also present, from which radiocarbon dates are to be sought. The excavations also uncovered a causeway between 10.5 and 19 metres in length through the northern ditch. Within this casueway were a cluster of short linear features and a post hole, all presumably evidence for controlling access into the monument. Another break in the northern ditch was shown to have been created to accommodate the course of a stream, which still runs through it. The 1994-5 excavations also confirmed that the 1969 excavations had in fact found a series of natural features which were mistakenly interpreted as representing the cursus ditches. Consequently, it has been suggested that the monument be renamed the Potlock Cursus rather than the Findern Cursus.

A Neolithic cursus monument is visible as extensive cropmarks on air photographs, centred at SK 3125 2868. The monument is defined by two intermittently visible parallel ditches orientated west-south-west to east-north-east for a total length of approximately 1050m. The most visible length of the cursus consists of two parallel ditches, intermittently visible either through deliberate breaks or later disturbance. The ditches lie between 68m and 72m apart. At the south-western limit of the cursus cropmarks the southern ditch appears to have been recut and possibly reused at a later stage as a double ditched trackway (UID 313154). The cursus may be associated with other cropmark features within two further complexes in the immediate area (UID 313160 and UID 313154).
(3-4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Derbyshire archaeological journal
Source details : Wheeler, H. The Findern Cursus
Page(s) : 04-Jul
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 90, 1970
Source Number : 2
Source : Past : the newsletter of the Prehistoric Society
Source details : Guilbert, G. Findern is Dead, Long Live Potlock - The Story of a Cursus on the Trent Gravels.
Page(s) : 10-Dec
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 24, 1996
Source Number : 3
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SK 3028/7 JAP 237/UJAP1983 28-JUN-1970
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SK 3128/25 CAP 7908/UCAP6367 30-JUN-1975
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Cursus
Evidence : Cropmark, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Later Prehistoric
Display Date : Later Prehistoric
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Linear Feature, Pit
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Cropmark

Components and Objects:
Period : Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Cursus
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DR 251
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Derbyshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 19912
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Derbyshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 19913
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Derbyshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 27918
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Derbyshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 27401
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 32 NW 81
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 313160
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 313154
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FINDERN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1969-01-01
End Date : 1969-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, POTLOCK CURSUS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, POTLOCKS FARM
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1988-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, POTLOCKS FARM
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1989-01-01
End Date : 1989-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WILLINGTON POWER STATION
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE:DERBYSHIRE AND PEAK DISTRICT AGGREGATES ASSESSMENT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2009-05-05
End Date : 2010-06-15