HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1222483

Hob Uid: 1222483
Location :
Northamptonshire
East Northamptonshire
Raunds
Grid Ref : SP9753072510
Summary : A Neolithic long mound at West Cotton, part of a complex of monuments examined as part of the Raunds area project. The mound was orientated roughly east-west, and measured 135 metres by 13 to 18 metres. Nearly half of the monument was excavated. In its first phase, the mound appears to have been circa 90 metres long, and was constructed of turf and soil stacked within a series of ractangular bays defined by transverse and longitudinal lines of stake holes. Parts of the mound were flanked by broad, shallow quarry pits though material from these appears not to have been used on the mound construction. The eastern end of the mound may have featured a south-facing "chamber" defined by stakes and possibly flanked by open bays, and with a forecourt and facade to the east of the chamber. This area was subsequently covered by a simple dumped mound withno internal structure, and the mound extended to its full 135 metre length. A length of carbonized wooden plank from thew mound has a calibrated radiocarbon date of 3497-3147 BC. Following the extension of the mound, a gully was cut around its edge. The gully fill contained quantities of burnt material, some dumped but some indicating in situ burning. Charcoal from this fill has been dated to 3691-3388 Cal BC. Stakes at the eastern end suggest some form of facade. Two provided dates of 3255-2925 Cal BC and 2466-2291 Cal BC. The mound material included nearly 4000 struck flints, while the quarry pits adjacent to the mound include quantities of Ebbsflet Ware sherds. A pit sealed by the mound has been dated to 4725-4542 Cal BC, while a tree throw hole beneath the mound was surrounded by a surface scatter of flints. This mound and the adjacent long enclosure appear to have formed a focus for subsequent monuments. The more distant Cotton Henge is also positioned in line with the long mound's axis.
More information :

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Northamptonshire archaeology
Source details : Dix, B. The Raunds Area Project: Second Interim Report (pp3-29).
Page(s) : 09-Nov
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 21, 1986-7
Source Number : 2
Source : From barrows to bypass : excavations at West Cotton, Raunds, Northamptonshire 1985-1989
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Midlands prehistory : some recent and current researches into the prehistory of central England
Source details : Windell, D. A Late Neolithic "Ritual Focus" at West Cotton, Northamptonshire.
Page(s) : 85-94
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 204

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Long Mound, Lithic Scatter
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Long Mound, Lithic Scatter
Object Type : LITHIC IMPLEMENT, VESSEL
Object Material : Flint, Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 97 SE 85
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 347334
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1222494
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1222577
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 347409
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1222475
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1222560
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1222627
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1222670
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1222679
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1253102
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :