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Historic England Research Records

Pike Hill Signal Tower

Hob Uid: 12700
Location :
Cumbria
Carlisle
Waterhead
Grid Ref : NY5766064790
Summary : The site of Pike Hill signal tower, incorporated into Hadrian's Wall. The greater part of the signal tower has been destroyed by a modern road cutting, although a fragment of its south east wall, 2 metres long and 0.8 metres wide with a maximum height of 0.6 metres, is visible south of the modern field wall. The remains of the tower were excavated in 1931. The earliest pottery found was of Hadrianic date, and rims of Huntcliff ware were indicative of occupation during the second half of the fourth century AD. The tower was about 20 feet square in plan with exceptionally deep foundations that are believed to denote extra height. It ante-dates the Turf and Stone Walls, and is orientated 45 degrees away from the Wall line, to better serve its purpose of signalling. The remains have been consolidated since excavation.
More information : (NY 5766 6479) Signal Tower (GS) (Site of) (1)

On Pike Hill stood a Roman signal tower, 20' square and with exceptionally deep foundations which seem to denote extra height. It ante-dates the Turf and Stone Walls, and is orientated 45 degrees away from the Wall line, the better to serve its purpose of signalling. (2)

During excavations in 1931 the earliest pottery found was of Hadrianic date, and rims of Huntcliff ware showed that the tower was occupied during the second half of the fourth century. (3)

The greater part of the signal tower has been destroyed by a modern road cutting, although a fragment of its south east wall, 2m long and 0.8m wide with a maximum height of 0.6m, is visible south of the modern field wall. Surveyed at 1:2500. (4)

In the care of English Heritage; consolidated and open to the public at NY 5766 6479. (5)

Located on the English Heritage map of Hadrian's Wall 2010. (6)

Scheduled as part of Hadrian's Wall and Vallum between the field boundary west of Coombe Crag and Banks Green Cottage and the road to Lanercost at Banks in Wall Miles 51 and 52 (Former County Numbers CU284 and 285). (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 6" 1957
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Bruce and Richmond 1966 Handbook to the Roman Wall 12th Edn
Page(s) : 177-8
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Source Number : 3
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 271-2
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Vol(s) : 33, 1933
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 DS 11-NOV-71
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Keith Blood/15-MAY-1990/RCHME: Hadrian's Wall Project
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Source Number : 6
Source : An Archaeological Map of Hadrian's Wall, 1:25,000 scale
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Source Number : 7
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : Scheduled 14/07/1997.
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Dating from around AD 122
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 122
Monument Type : Signal Station, Wall
Evidence : Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit, Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : CU 284 and CU 285
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Hadrian's Wall Project Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 5764/7
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : EH Property Number
External Cross Reference Number : 90
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 26075
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 56 SE 18
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1010409
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1010411
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : PIKE HILL SIGNAL TOWER
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1927-01-01
End Date : 1927-12-31
Associated Activities : PIKE HILL SIGNAL TOWER
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1931-01-01
End Date : 1932-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 56 SE 18
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1971-11-11
End Date : 1971-11-11
Associated Activities : RCHME: HADRIAN'S WALL PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1993-08-01