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Starfish Bombing Decoy Sf11h

Hob Uid: 1414636
Location :
Wirral
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : SJ2459891008
Summary : A Second World War bombing decoy is visible as structures on air photographs. No surface features are visible on the latest 1992 Ordnance Survey vertical photography. A Second World War bombing decoy site at Moreton. It was commissioned in December 1940 as a 'Permanent Starfish' site to deflect enemy bombing from the city of Liverpool. In 1941 a 'QL' decoy was incorporated into the site as part of the 'C-series' of civil decoys to protect Birkenhead docks. The 'Starfish' decoy operated by lighting a series of controlled fires during an air raid to replicate an urban area targeted by bombs. The 'QL' decoy displayed lighting to simulate the railway marshalling yards associated with the docks. The site is referenced as being in use up until 1943. Moreton was one of fourteen civil bombing decoy site for Liverpool, and one of fourteen 'Starfish' sites.
More information : BOMBING DECOY SITE. SRF, with location map, site plan and 18 photographs. QL Moreton. C series for Liverpool. Control building. Recorder- D. Taylor. (1)

A Second World War 'Permanent Starfish' bombing decoy located at Moreton (SJ 247 909). It was constructed to deflect enemy bombing from Liverpool. It is referenced as being in use between 01-AUG-1941 and 08-APR-1943. It was also the site of a 'QL' decoy, which was built as part of the 'C-series' of civil decoys for Liverpool to protect Birkenhead docks. This is referenced as being in use between 02-OCT-1942 and 01-MAY-1943. The 'QL' decoy displayed lighting at night to simulate the marshalling yards associated with the docks.
Further civil bombing decoy sites for Liverpool were located at Formby (SD 284 048), Little Crosby (SD 307 017), Lydiate (SD 347 038), Knowsley (SJ 421 955), Halewood (SJ 461 866), Hale (SJ 454 833), Ince (SJ 472 767), Brimstage (SJ 297 833), Hoylake (SJ 229 882), Heswall (SJ 245 820), Little Hilber (SJ 189 872), Burton Marsh (SJ 286 749) and Gayton (SJ 269 796).
Further 'Starfish' bombing decoy sites for Liverpool were located at Formby, Hale, Ince, Brimstage, Wallasey (exact position not traced), Little Crosby, Heswall, Llandegla, Llanasa, Fenn's Moss, Little Hilber, Burton Marsh and Gayton. (2)

NGR concords with that given in source 1. 'Starfish' sites for Liverpool were commissioned in December 1940. The first civil decoys for Liverpool were in place by the summer of 1941. The bombing decoys for Liverpool had limited success, possibly because the decoys were positioned too far out from their intended targets. (3)

A Second World War bombing decoy is visible as structures on air photographs, at SJ 3460 9099. No surface features are visible on the latest 1992 Ordnance Survey vertical photography.
(4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Migrated Defence of Britain Project database record originally compiled from various sources
Source details : The two databases developed by the Project can be searched on-line through the Archaeology Data Service at http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/specColl/dob/index.cfm
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Source Number : 2
Source : Twentieth century fortifications in England, volume 3. Bombing decoys of WWII : England's passive air defences, 1939-45
Source details :
Page(s) : 126,133,149,160
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Source Number : 3
Source : Fields of deception: Britain's bombing decoys of World War II
Source details :
Page(s) : 86,135,213,278
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Source Number : 4
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF S765 5105 14-FEB-1942
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : Second World War
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1940
Monument Type : Bombing Decoy Site, Starfish Site, Bombing Decoy
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : DoB Non Anti Invasion Database UID
External Cross Reference Number : 4070
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SJ 29 SW 100
External Cross Reference Notes :

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Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, THE DEFENCE OF BRITAIN PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1995-04-01
End Date : 2002-03-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE:NORTH WEST COAST NMP RAPID COASTAL ZONE ASSESSMENT SURVEY
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
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End Date : 2009-05-22
Associated Activities : Primary, LANDSCAPES OF WAR RECORDING PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31