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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1301286

Hob Uid: 1301286
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Bratton Fleming, Challacombe
Grid Ref : SS6862041060
Summary : The remains of systems of Medieval strip fields extend around the villages of Challacombe and Barton Town, North and South Swincombe and the farms at Withecombe and Whitefield Barton. The lynchets extend over an area measuring up to 2.3km by 2.5km. The fields are defined by curving parallel lynchets and are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs but some have been levelled and are visible as cropmarks. The relict fields were probably part of an infield-outfield system where the outfield was usually an area of poorer grassland or moorland, and the infield was an area of intensly cultivated strip fields. As mentioned above, the lynchets form part of extensive field systems around the settlements and farms in Challacombe parish, for details see NMR Monuments 909948 (SS 64 SE 44), 910084 (SS 64 SE 58), 1505660, 1505684, 1505688, 1505754, 1505758 and 1505761 (SS 64 SE 151-156). Similar field systems has been recorded in the next parish, around Parracombe village, and this is described in NMR Monument 909919 (SS 64 SE 37).
More information : An extensive system of Medieval and/or Post medieval lynchets, possibly the remains of an open field system or some system of land improvement, are visible as earthworks and cropmarks and have been mapped form aerial photographs.

The field systems extend around the villages of Challacombe and Barton Town, North and South Swincombe and the farms at Withecombe and Whitefield Barton. See SS 64 SE 44, 58 for field observations on the lynchets surviving around North and South Swincombe and Barton Town.

The lynchets extend over an area measuring 2.3km by 2.5km and are bound by the following grid references: SS 6711 4240, SS 6781 4027, SS 6979 3991, SS 7004 4100 and SS 6930 4226. They are centred at SS 6867 4135.

It is unclear what, if any, the relationship between the lynchets and the present settlement pattern is. A similar system has been recorded near Parracombe village and this is described in SS 64 SE 37.
(1)

The fields are defined by curving parallel lynchets and are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs but some may have been levelled. The relict fields were probably part of an infield-outfield system where the outfield was usually an area of poorer grassland or moorland, and the infield was an area of intensly cultivated strip fields. The strip lynchets form part of an extensive system of lynchets around the settlements and farms in Challacombe parish (for details see NMR Monuments 909948, 910084, 1505660, 1505684, 1505688, 1505754, 1505758 and 1505761).
(2)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Helen Winton/20-DEC-1999/RCHME: Challacombe, West Exmoor
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Riley H and Wilson-North R 2001 The Field Archaeology of Exmoor English Heritage, Swindon
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Source : Challacombe Project
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Source : Challacombe Project/Ink AP Transcription
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Lynchet, Field System
Evidence : Earthwork, Cropmark
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Lynchet, Field System
Evidence : Earthwork, Cropmark

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : AF1301145
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 64 SE 67
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 909919
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 1468956
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 910084
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1505660
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 909948
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1505684
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1505688
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1505754
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1505758
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1505761
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: WEST EXMOOR PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: CHALLACOMBE, WEST DEVON
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1999-12-01
End Date : 1999-12-01