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Historic England Research Records

Castle Folds

Hob Uid: 13210
Location :
Grid Ref : NY6490009300
Summary : Stone-built remains of a Romano-British enclosed settlement containing hut circles, reused as a Medieval shieling. Scheduled.
More information : (NY 649093) Castle Folds (NR) (1)

Castle Folds settlement (1,330 ft. above O.D.) on Great Asby Scar, 3 m. S.W. of the church, occupies the summit of a small flat-topped knoll. Much of the top is covered with bare limestone outcrop. The sides of the knoll itself are formed of outcrop which, while being slight on the E. and S., becomes largely precipitous on the W. and N., though of no great height. The entire knoll is surrounded for some distance by fractured limestone outcrop which can only be traversed on foot and with considerable difficulty. The work consists of the ruins of an irregular enclosure, nearly 1-1/4 acres in area, which does not quite cover the entire top of the knoll. The walls are now merely tumbled debris of stones; but in places a few orthostats are still standing, from which the walls would appear to have been about 8 ft. thick. Built against the enclosure-wall internally are traces of a number of roughly circular and oval huts, while one on the S. side about 20 yards by 6 yards is roughly rectangular in form with rounded angles. There is a gap in the S. wall which doubtless denotes the entrance, and opposite this gap externally is a very narrow passage-way through the fractured limestone; this, being the only unimpeded approach and fairly straight, is perhaps artificial.
[The term "Village Settlement" is used by R.C.H.M. for unfortified nucleations of stone huts, fields and paddocks, mostly probably Prehistoric (IA-RB) but sometimes relatively recent.] (2)

A good example of the semi-defensive type of Romano British settlement, generally well described and illustrated by the RCHM. The rectangular enclosure with protruding 'bield' on the south wall, however, is clearly a comparatively recent sheep-fold.
Surveyed at 1:10 000. (3)

Scheduled as a Romano-British defended stone hut circle settlement and Medieval shieling. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1957
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Source Number : 2
Source : An inventory of the historical monuments in Westmorland
Source details :
Page(s) : 19
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RE 13-MAY-74
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Source Number : 4
Source details : English Heritage SAM Amendment 9.11.93
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Enclosed Settlement
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Shieling
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : CU 137
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 23634
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : NHLE 1011141
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 60 NW 6
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 60 NW 6
Start Date : 1974-05-13
End Date : 1974-05-13