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Historic England Research Records

Claxton Castle

Hob Uid: 133418
Location :
Norfolk
South Norfolk
Claxton
Grid Ref : TG3349003740
Summary : Ruins of a 14th century fortified house, probably built 1333-40. Traces of the moat survive to the east.
More information : (TG 33530371) Claxton Castle (NR) (Remains of) Moat (NR) (1)

License to crenellate in 1338-40. The Tudor house was probably built by Sir Thomas Gawdy about 1558. It appears that all that remains is this wall which is about 14ft in height and in good condition. (2,3)

Remains of fortified house. Licence to castellate granted to William de Kerdiston in 1333, present remains probably later. Brick with flint and limestone. Long wall with three round towers. Remains of stair at east end: openings with eliptical brick arches. In the north face of the wall, a large off-centre arched opening now blocked; one tower against the western jamb of archway on south side of wall. Evidence of many blocked openings, quoins etc. Twin towers at south-east with arch between at low level. Western tower contains staircase. Thatched lean-to summer house at west end. Grade II. (4)

In addition to the large portion of wall noted above a small isolated section still stands at TG 33580377. Remains of the moat to the east of the house existed as a semi-circular wet ditch now partly filled, and to the west a dry ditch has been cleared and re-flooded. The feature to the south has been almost ploughed out but seems to have served as a drainage ditch rather than a moat.
See photos and 25" survey. (5)

Licenced in 1340 according to the Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1338-40. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1929
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Source Number : 2
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Corr 6" (R R Clarke 1950)
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Source Number : 2a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hist of Norfolk 10, 113 (F Blomefield)
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Source Number : 2b
Source : Norfolk Antiquarian Miscellany
Source details : Norf Ant Misc 2, Pt 1, c 1880 86 - 96
Page(s) : 86-96
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Vol(s) : 2
Source Number : 3
Source : Large Scale / Small Scale Map Revisers Comment
Source details : SS Reviser 5.7.52
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Source Number : 4
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE(HHR) Loddon RD July 1947 9
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 BHS 04-FEB-71
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Source Number : 6
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 307
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : 1333-40
Monument End Date : 1340
Monument Start Date : 1333
Monument Type : Fortified House, Moat, Curtain Wall, Interval Tower, Angle Tower
Evidence : Ruined Building, Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NF 149
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Norfolk)
External Cross Reference Number : 10304
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 226742
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TG 30 SW 8
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TG 30 SW 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1971-02-04
End Date : 1971-02-04
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT CLAXTON MANOR FARM
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31