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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1340489

Hob Uid: 1340489
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Exmoor
Grid Ref : SS8219242204
Summary : A linear earthwork consisting of bank and ditch has been recorded approximately 650 metres to the south of Larkbarrow Farm. The function and date of the feature is unclear, but it may be associated with Second World War military training activities.
More information : A grass covered linear earthwork, centred SS 8218 4220, lies 650m to the south of Larkbarrow Farm. The feature comprises a steep sided ditch, 18m in length, 2.2m in width and 1m in depth, with a bank running the length of its eastern edge. This earthern bank, 3.8m in width and 1.4m in height, is formed by the upcast from the ditch. The feature runs parallel to a 19th century fieldbank and is almost certainly a slit trench dating from the area's use as a military training ground during WWII. (1)
The feature was recorded at a scale of 1:2500 using differential GPS as part of an archaeological survey of the Larkbarrow area, undertaken by the Exeter Office of English Heritage at the request of the Exmoor National Park Authority. A client report was produced as part of the survey work and is available from the NMRC. (2)

The bank and ditch earthworks, centred on circa SS 82194220, have been transcribed during the National Mapping Programme survey of Exmoor. The characteristics of the earthworks are as described by the above authority. It is possible that the features were created during Second World War military training activities on Exmoor, but it is difficult to attribute a function to them from the evidence of the 1940s aerial photographs. In particular the banked profile does not resemble a typical military slit trench and on 1946 aerial photographs it is clear that the earthworks are well established; if they are the remains of a slit trench they have been unused for some time. It is possible the earthworks are earlier in date and represent a pillow mound of nineteenth century date, similar to those at Warren Farm to the south-west, although perhaps incomplete? (3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Jamieson, E 2001. English Heritage field investigation.
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Jamieson, E 2001. Larkbarrow Farm, Exmoor. English Heritage Survey Report.
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Source Number : 3
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF 106G/UK/1501 (F20) 3195-6 13-MAY-1946
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Pillow Mound
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : Second World War
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1939
Monument Type : Slit Trench
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 15211
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 84 SW 152
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 35304
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01