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Historic England Research Records

Newbiggin Hall.

Hob Uid: 13555
Location :
Cumbria
Eden
Newbiggin
Grid Ref : NY6280028680
Summary : Large house, dating from mid 15th century with later alterations and additions including three towers added over the period 1460 to 1533. Coursed squared rubble and ashlar. Embattled parapets.
More information : NY 6280 2868. Newbiggin Hall (NR). [1]

"[2] Newbiggin Hall, NE of the church, is of two storeys with attics;
the walls are of sandstone rubble and ashlar, and the roofs are
slate-covered. The house has belonged to the family of Crackanthorpe since the 14th century. It is built on the normal medieval plan with a hall-block and cross-wings carried up as towers at the E and W ends. The hall (and probably also the E wing), according to an inscription, was built in 1533 by Christopher Crackanthorpe. A lower wing, called "Jerusalem," was added on the N of the E wing in thesecond half of the 16th century, the main block and the W wing were entirely rebuilt in 1844 and there is a modern wing on the E side of "Jerusalem". The windows are 18th-century or modern except for some
small sqaure-headed openings in the turrets and two low down in the E and W walls cut into by later windows. In the W wall is a reset panel with the black-letter inscription "Cristofer Crakanthorp thus ya me calle, Wiche in my tym dyde bylde this halle, The yer of owr lorde who lyst to se, a.M.fyve hundreth thyrty and thre"; the moulded label has one head-stop and one with a shield-of-arms of Crackanthorpe." Grade II. [2-3]

There was an earlier building, possibly a simple keep or tower, on this site, traditionally dating from late 13th century. No trace now
remains. [4]

The tower may have been built a little earlier than 1533. There is a record of a legacy of 40 marks to John Crackenthorpe in 1501 "towards the building of his house. (a) The inscription referred to in [2] overleaf probably applies to the dining hall and not to a Hall - a whole block of buildings. The West tower, according to Fleming, (b) dates from the second half of the 16th century. RCHM dates the "Jerusalem" tower to this latter period, but this may not be correct. The fact that the 1533 hall is set back by half its width from the side of the pele suggests that "Jerusalem" is at least as old as the pele. Also, it is doubtful whether a small tower would have been built at a time when the new West tower was either just erected or was planned. [5]

Structural phases correct. See GP's. [6]

Listed with plan and illustration. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1957
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : An inventory of the historical monuments in Westmorland
Source details :
Page(s) : 183
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) Westmorland RD Nov 1966 79
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details : M W Taylor
Page(s) : 36
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 12, 1893
Source Number : 5
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details : C M L Bouch
Page(s) : 140-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 55, 1955
Source Number : 5a
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details : RP Brown
Page(s) : 164
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 26, 1926
Source Number : 5b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Description of Westm (Cumb & Westm Antiq & Archaeol Soc Tract Series 1) 24 (D Fleming)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 FRH 04-SEP-67
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : The medieval fortified buildings of Cumbria : an illustrated gazetteer and research guide
Source details :
Page(s) : 296-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : vol.29

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C14
Monument End Date : 1399
Monument Start Date : 1300
Monument Type : Tower House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Built 1461
Monument End Date : 1461
Monument Start Date : 1461
Monument Type : Tower House, Hall House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Rebuilt 1533
Monument End Date : 1533
Monument Start Date : 1533
Monument Type : Hall House, Cross Wing House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Rebuilt 1564
Monument End Date : 1564
Monument Start Date : 1564
Monument Type : Hall House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Rebuilt 1844
Monument End Date : 1844
Monument Start Date : 1844
Monument Type : Tower House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Extended 1891
Monument End Date : 1891
Monument Start Date : 1891
Monument Type : Cross Wing House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 27034
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 523359
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 62 NW 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 62 NW 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1967-09-04
End Date : 1967-09-04