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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 136

Hob Uid: 136
Location :
Northumberland
Alwinton
Grid Ref : NT8900008800
Summary : Probable prehistoric cross dyke oriented east-west. The bank is 350m long and between 3m to 5m high. A ditch runs parallel to this on the northern side 2m to 3m wide and 0.2m deep. During the medieval period steadings were inserted on the south side either side of a gap through wich runs a medieval road known as Clennell Street. Scheduled.
More information : (Centred NT 890088) Cross-Dyke, distinguished by having
foundations (stone) of a rectangular house, on either side of the
road-gap. (1)

Remains of a cross-dyke are situated in a saddle on a north-south
ridge of moorland pasture at its narrowest point. The dyke, a
turf-covered earthern bank, 3.0 - 5.0m in width, with a maximum
height of 0.2m, fades out on the west and east sides of the ridge
above very steep slopes which fall to two moorland streams.

On its north side is a ditch 2.0 - 3.0m wide, with a max depth of
0.2m.

A trackway along the ridge top passes through a gap in the dyke,
either side of which, against the south face of the bank, are
foundation remains of two steadings. That on the west side measures
12.0m by 4.0m, that on the east side, 16.0m by 4.5m. Both have
entrances in the south side, and both are orientated east and west.
The foundations are of earth and stone, the banks being 2.0m-3.0m
wide, with a maximum height of 0.5m. The eastern steading has an
internal division towards the east end. The cross dyke is approx
140.0m in length. The ground rises to a hump immediately to the
north, and to the south, rises gently beyond a local depression. (2)

The cross dyke extends to the W of the trackway for a distance of
110m to the top of a steep slope, while on the E side it continues
almost to the Wholehope Burn, making a total length of 250m. The
slight nature of both the bank and ditch makes them of little
obstructive value, and the whole may be no more than a boundary
feature. Probing of the two 'steadings' revealed no stone work
suggesting them to be possible sheilings. A further five similar
steadings,some with subdivisions, were identified along the ridge
to the S of the dyke.

Surveyed at 6" scale. (3)

NT 890 091. Cross dyke at Copper Snout. Scheduled No ND/629. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Corr 6" (Sir W Aitchison undated)
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Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 02-MAY-57
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 DS 25-MAY-70
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Source Number : 4
Source : County list of Scheduled Monuments : March 1994
Source details : Northumberland
Page(s) : 4
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Source Number : 5
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 18-Mar-98
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Prehistoric
Display Date : Prehistoric
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -500000
Monument Type : Cross Dyke
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Road, Shieling
Evidence : Earthwork, Ruined Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : ND 629
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 28539
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NT 80 NE 4
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NT 80 NE 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1957-05-02
End Date : 1957-05-02
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NT 80 NE 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-05-25
End Date : 1970-05-25
Associated Activities : Primary, MOAT FARM, HEDGERLEY (M40 MOTORWAY WIDENING BETWEEN JUNCTIONS 1A AND 3)
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31