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Historic England Research Records

Old Yeavering

Hob Uid: 1369693
Location :
Northumberland
Kirknewton
Grid Ref : NT9260030500
Summary : Timber buildings at the Saxon royal site of Ad Gefrin. Some show as cropmarks, others were found by excavation. The buildings include numerous rectangular timber halls; a rectangular timber building with a western annexe, which, because of its alignment and close association with a cemetery has been identified as a church; a grubenhaus; a rectangular timber building which has been interpreted as a pagan temple; a series of nine facing concentric arcs which are thought to be the footings of the theatre; and several further timber buildings of unknown function.
More information : Timber buildings at the Anglo-Saxon royal site of Ad Gefrin. Some show as cropmarks, others were found by excavation. In the following list the names are as given in Hope-Taylor's 1977 publication 'Yeavering: an Anglo-British centre of early Northumbria' (see ref. 1).

A1- A rectangular timber hall with rectangular annexes on its eastern and western ends. It measures 25m east-west by 8m north-south. Its eastern end overlies A2.

A2- A rectangular timber hall, measuring 24m east-west by 8m north-south. Its western end is overlain by A1, and at its western end it is overlain by A3 and A4.

A3-8 The superimposed foundation trenches of a succession of rectangular timber halls. The largest measures 25m east-west by 12m north-south.

B- A rectangular timber building with a western annex, which, because of its alignment and intimate association with a cemetery, has been identified as a church. It does not show clearly as a cropmark and was only found by excavation (ibid. p 168).

C1- A grubenhaus measuring 2.5m east-west by 1.5m north-south.

C2- A rectangular timber hall measuring 11m east-west by 5m north-south.

C3- A rectangular timber hall measuring 15m east-west by 7.5m north-south.

C4- A rectangular timber hall with a western annex. It measures 21m east-west by 8m north-south.

D1- A two-phase rectangular timber building. It does not show as a cropmark but was found by excavation. The two phases together cover an area measuring 12m north-south by 6m east-west.

D2- A rectangular timber building, measuring 7m east-west by 13m north-south. It has been suggested to be a pagan temple (ibid. p158).

D3- A rectangular sunken floored timber building, measuring 8m east-west by 13m north-south.

D4- A two-phase rectangular timber building. It does not show as a cropmark but was found by excavation. It measures 13m east-west by 7m north-south.

Unnamed building in area D - One end of a rectangular timber building that was discovered by excavation. It had been almost entirely quarried away.

E- A series of nine east-facing concentric arcs which are thought to be the footings of a theatre or grandstand.

At least three other rectangular timber buildings show as cropmarks in a field to the south of the B6351. They have not been excavated but it is presumed that they are associated with the other structures described above.
(1-14)

The site has been mapped from the air as part of the Milfield Geoarchaeology Project. (See archive object MD000295)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Yeavering : an Anglo-British centre of early Northumbria
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Vol(s) : no.7
Source Number : 2
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : CUCAP K17V 198-199 11-JUL-1970
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Source Number : 11
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR NT9230/37-44 (TMG 3040/362A-369) 7-JUL-1986
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Source Number : 12
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR NT9230/45-47 (TMG 5461/13-15) 22-JUN-1989
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Source Number : 13
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR NT9230/61-66 (TMG 15936/82-87) 30-JUN-1994
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Source Number : 14
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : CUCAP (CKD 77-78) 29-JUL-1979
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Source Number : 3
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : CUCAP (DN 49-57) 9-JUL-1949
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Source Number : 4
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : CUCAP (TU 40-59) 2-AUG-1956
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Source Number : 5
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : CUCAP (AZD 17-20) 26-JUL-1969
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Source Number : 6
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR NT9230/2 (TMG 1208/2) 26-JUL-1977
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Source Number : 7
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR NT9230/17 (TMG 1685/3) 2-AUG-1979
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Source Number : 8
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR NT9230/19-23 (TMG 2017/24A-28A) 27-JUL-1981
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Source Number : 9
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR NT9230/24-28 (TMG 2019/27-31) 30-JUL-1981
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Source Number : 10
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR NT9230/29-30 (TMG 2026/33-34) 21-JUL-1981
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Early Medieval
Monument End Date : 1066
Monument Start Date : 410
Monument Type : Great Hall, Grubenhaus, Hut, Timber Framed Building, Church, Temple, Theatre
Evidence : Cropmark, Sub Surface Deposit, Conjectural Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : ND 302
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Northumberland)
External Cross Reference Number : 2008
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NT 93 SW 74
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 3855
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, OLD YEAVERING (AD GEFRIN)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1952-01-01
End Date : 1962-12-31