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Historic England Research Records

Raf Scampton

Hob Uid: 1388211
Location :
Lincolnshire
West Lindsey
Scampton, Aisthorpe
Grid Ref : SK9650079500
Summary : A military airfield opened between 1916 and 1918, with interwar rebuilding, used during the Second World War and thereafter. It was opened as a training depot for three Royal Flying Corps squadrons, but closed after the First World War in 1919. It was redeveloped as part of the Royal Air Force's "expansion programme" in 1936. During the Second World War the airfield was used as a bomber base and for a time it was the home of the "Dambuster" Squadron 617. In 1944 the runways were extended. Post-war the bomber role of the airfield continued with units flying Vulcan jet aircraft. The base was later assigned a training role and was used for this purpose by a number of units, including the Red Arrows display team. The current flying field appears to have been extended to the north east during the post-war "Cold War" period. Some Type C aircraft hangars remain (please see Monument Number 1388368 ).
More information : The Willis and Holliss gazetteer of World War Two military airfields includes Scampton, given as being situated at SK 965 798. The source suggests that the airfield originally opened in 1916. By December 1944 the aircraft had three concrete and tarmac runways with 36 heavy bomber hardstandings. The base was provided with permanent accommodation for the personnel stationed at the base: in December 1944 these numbered 2326 men and 268 women. The source includes a small location map. (1)

An English Heritage report produced in May 2003 notes that nothing remains of the First World War airfield, which it suggests opened in 1918 (note the different date from that given in source 1) as a "3-squadron training depot". It closed in 1919, and was redeveloped and reopened in 1936. The report notes its importance as the home of 617 Squadron, which carried out "Operation Chastise", better known as the "Dambuster" raids. The runways were extended in summer 1944. The base was redeveloped post-war. (2)

A web page concerned with military aircraft and airfields mentions the post-war use of Scampton; as a base for Vulcan bombers and for training - including use by the Red Arrows Display Team. (3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Military airfields in the British Isles 1939-1945
Source details :
Page(s) : 168
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : English Heritage Thematic Listing Programme May 2003: "Survey of Military Aviation Sites and Structures" Summary report, unpaged.
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Figs. :
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Source Number : 3
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : No name/ date; "Warplane airfield guides"; http://www.warplane.co.uk/Airfield Guides/scampton.htm; accessed 25-NOV-2003.-
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Figs. :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : closed 1919
Monument End Date : 1919
Monument Start Date : 1919
Monument Type : Military Airfield
Evidence : Destroyed Monument
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Redeveloped 1936
Monument End Date : 1936
Monument Start Date : 1936
Monument Type : Military Airfield
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Redeveloped post war
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1945
Monument Type : Military Airfield
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : First World War
Display Date : Opened 1916-1918
Monument End Date : 1918
Monument Start Date : 1916
Monument Type : Military Airfield
Evidence : Destroyed Monument
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : Expanded 1944
Monument End Date : 1944
Monument Start Date : 1944
Monument Type : Military Airfield
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 109429
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 97 NE 48
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 326886
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 1464337
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : X3063
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 44-61999
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1388368
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : ENGLISH HERITAGE: RAF SCAMPTON
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31