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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1392170

Hob Uid: 1392170
Location :
Grid Ref : TQ9660063600
Summary : Excavations to the south of the church at Teynham revealed four major buildings dating from the 12th-15th centuries. Of massive construction, one has buttresses, and one contained an elaborate garderobe system. It is known that a palace of Archbishops of Canterbury was at Teynham, and this probly formed part of the complex. Excavations and geophysical survey at the traditional site (TQ96SE1) in 1999 and 2002 suggest that is more likely to be the main residential complex, but both groups of buildings probably form part of the same palace complex.
More information : The lost site of the Archbishops of Canterbury's Palace, previously thought by local historians to be further north (see Authorities 1-4),was discovered in December 1982 when ground levelling by farmer, Brian French, uncovered buried foundations to the south of Teynham Church (TQ 9660 6360). Rescue excavations carried out in February 1983 by the Kent Archaeological Rescue Unit directed by Brian Philp, revealed four major masonry buildings ranging in date from the 12th to 15th centuries. The foundations were massive, of rammed chalk, mortared flints, or flints and soil. Two of the buildings had been strengthened by the addition of buttresses. One contained an elaborate garderobe system. A substantial ditch beneath one of the buildings contained early pottery. The north wall of one range had been incorporated at a later date into the present churchyard wall. The adjacent parish church was a major element in the palace layout. Finds included decorated floor tiles and domestic pottery. On completion of the excavations the site was re-covered and the farmer agreed to preserve it. The Archbishops of Canterbury appear to have been granted
the manor of Teynham in c. 800 A.D. Its value was substantial, for by the Norman Conquest it was valued at £50. It is not certain when the Archbishops first resided
there but it is likely to have been no later than the 12th century. The palace passed into lay ownership in the early 16th century and was eventually demolished. (1)

Kenulf, king of Mercia (AD 794-819), is said to have granted Teynham to Christchurch, Canterbury, after which `a palace was built in close proximity to the church. Archbishops Baldwin (1184-91), Hubert Walter, who died here (1193-1207), Langton (1207-29) and Raynold (1313-28) in turn lived here. The fact that Archbishop Kilwardby received his pallium from the Pope at Teynham is recorded on a tablet in Westminster Roman Catholic Cathedral.' (2)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Kent archaeological review
Source details :
Page(s) : 42-4
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 72, 1983
Source Number : 2
Source details : A short account of the parish Church of St Mary, Teybnham, 1985. Teynham Parish Council
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C12-15
Monument End Date : 1499
Monument Start Date : 1100
Monument Type : Manor House, Archbishops Palace, Building
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TQ 96 SE 51
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 419909
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ARCHBISHOP'S PALACE, TEYNHAM
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1983-01-01
End Date : 1983-12-31