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Historic England Research Records

Gosport Airfield

Hob Uid: 1395756
Location :
Hampshire
Fareham
Stubbington
Grid Ref : SU5880000700
Summary : A military airfield used in both World Wars. The military airfield began in 1914 as a Royal Navy Air Service station, initially consisting of canvas hangars and a tented camp. In the late 1930s the airfield was expanded as the threat of another war grew. Originally the airfield had tarmac runways used for practising carrier landings but these were removed to provide larger grass runways. During the Battle of Britain in 1940, it was sometimes used by the heavily engaged 11 Group Royal Air Force, but principally by Royal Navy aircraft operating in defence of Southampton and Portsmouth. During the battle the airfield was heavily attacked by German aircraft: a particularly severe raid was launched by Stukas operating from the Caen area. Later in the war the base was used by a mixture of Royal Air Force and Royal Navy Units, experimenting with the use of torpedoes and training crews. Post-war the site was also known as HMS Siskin. After 1956 the site was developed for Navy housing. It is situated to the south-east of HMS Daedulus, a another more famous naval air station.
More information :

A military airfield used in both World Wars. The military airfield began in 1914 as a Royal Navy Air Service station, initially consisting of canvas hangars and a tented camp. In the late 1930s the airfield was expanded as the threat of another war grew. Originally the airfield had tarmac runways used for practising carrier landings but these were removed to provide larger grass runways. During the Battle of Britain the airfield was heavily attacked by German aircraft, a particularly severe raid was launched by Stukas operating from the Caen area. Later in the war the base was used by a mixture of Royal Air Force and Royal Navy Units, experimenting with the use of torpedoes and training crews. Post-war the site was designated as HMS Siskin. After 1956 the site was developed for Navy housing. (1)

Gosport Airfield, SU 586010. Landing surfaces in World War Two were tarmac and grass. Temporary accommodation was provided for personnel and the wartime airfield had a variety of aircraft hangars including Type C, Bellman, Bessonneau and Blister hangars. (2)

Information on the site including a plan and details of the squadrons based at Gosport can be accessed from this source: The Military Airfields of Britain; Southern England. (3)

RAF Gosport was actually principally a Royal Navy airfield in World War Two, and Royal Navy fighters were permanently stationed here in defence of Southampton and Portsmouth. During the Battle of Britain RAF units were detached to this airfield suring the Battle of Britain. (4)

The principle components of the airfield were mapped from aerial photographs as part of the SWRCZAS (South West Rapid Coastal Zone Asssesment) by Wessex Archaeology for Historic England. Additional elements including hangars, the northern perimeter road, air raid shelters and possible pillboxes have been mapped from aerial photographs as part of the Historic England Gosport Heritage Action Zone (HAZ) project. (5)


Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Brooks, RJ: 2003: "Hampshire Airfields in the Second World War", Countryside Books, pp 68-76.
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Source Number : 2
Source : Military airfields in the British Isles 1939-1945
Source details :
Page(s) : 90
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Source Number : 3
Source : THE MILITARY AIRFIELDS OF BRITAIN; SOUTHERN ENGLAND, KENT, HAMPSHIRE, SURREY AND SUSSEX
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Page(s) : 111-115
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Source Number : 4
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : Royal Air Force, Crown Copyright 2005. 'Battle of Britain: 11 Group'. <> [Accessed 09-JUL-2010]
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Source Number : 5
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF/106G/UK/1240 5102 13-MAR-1946
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Expanded late 1930s
Monument End Date : 1939
Monument Start Date : 1936
Monument Type : Military Airfield
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Post war to 1956
Monument End Date : 1956
Monument Start Date : 1945
Monument Type : Military Airfield
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : First World War
Display Date : World War I
Monument End Date : 1918
Monument Start Date : 1914
Monument Type : Military Airfield
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : World War II
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1939
Monument Type : Military Airfield, Aircraft Hangar (Type C), Bellman Aircraft Hangar, Blister Aircraft Hangar, Bessonneau Aircraft Hangar
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 50 SE 47
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Historic England: Gosport Heritage Action Zone (HAZ) and Alver Valley aerial investigation and mapping
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2019-11-01
End Date : 2020-08-30