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Historic England Research Records

Great Ashfield Airfield

Hob Uid: 1396127
Location :
Suffolk
Mid Suffolk
Wyverstone, Great Ashfield, Wetherden, Elmswell
Grid Ref : TM0110065900
Summary : A former World War Two and post-war period military airfield, opened 1943 and closed in 1960. The airfield was built by John Laing and Son Limited for use by Royal Air Force bomber units but was actually passed to the United States Army Eighth Air Force (as station 155). It was constructed to "Class A" standard, in other words with three hard landing surfaces and two type T2 aircraft hangars. The technical site ws situated to the south of the flying field, and dispersed camps for personnel and administration were also located to the south. A bomb store and firing butts were situated to the east of the flying field. During World War two the base was mainly used by the 385th Bomber Group for raids on Germany. After the war it was used by a Royal Air Force Maintenance Unit for bomb storage. Although the site has largely since returned to agriculture, and most of the buildings were demolished by the late 1970s, in 2000 it was reported that some parts of the runways remained. Some defensive features of the wartime airfield were also said to be extant in the 1990s, (please see TM 06 NW 21 and TM 06 NW 22 for details).
More information : Great Ashfield Airfield TM 010 663, opened 1943 and closed in 1960. Landing surfaces were concrete and wood chipings. There were two type T2 aircraft hangars amd partly temporary accomodation for personnel. (1)

The airfield was built by John Laing and Son Limited. It was used by the USAAF 8th Air Force as station 155. It was constructed to "Class A" standard, building began in 1942. The technical site ws situated to the south of the flying field, and dispersed camps for personnel and administration were also located to the south. A bomb dump and firing butts were situated to the east of the flying field. During World war two the base was mainly used by the 385th Bomber Group for raids on Germany. After the war it was used by a Royal Air Force Maintenance Unit for bomb storage. The site has largely since returned to agriculture, and most of the buildings were demolished by the late 1970s. (2)

Great Ashfield Airfield: the base was actualy originally intended for use by British Royal Air Force bomber units, but was passed to the Americans. In 2000 it was reported that some parts of the runways remained. (3)

Great Ashfield Airfield: centered at TM 010 660 (NAT). (4)

Great Ashfield Aifield is recorded on the Defence of Britain Database at Great Ashfield, Suffolk, TM 005 665. (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Military airfields in the British Isles 1939-1945
Source details :
Page(s) : 92
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Source Number : 2
Source : Airfields of the eighth : then and now
Source details :
Page(s) : 105-107
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Bowyer MJF, 2000: "Action Stations revisited: The Complete History of Britain's Military Airfields", No1 Eastern England, 195-196.
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Source Number : 4
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 1:10000, 1958
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Source Number : 5
Source : Migrated Defence of Britain Project database record originally compiled from various sources
Source details : The two databases developed by the Project can be searched on-line through the Archaeology Data Service at http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/specColl/dob/index.cfm
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Post-war to 1960
Monument End Date : 1960
Monument Start Date : 1945
Monument Type : Military Airfield, Bomb Store
Evidence : Structure, Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : From 1943
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1943
Monument Type : Military Airfield, Runway, Bomb Store, Butts, Aircraft Hangar (Type T2), Military Camp
Evidence : Structure, Documentary Evidence, Demolished Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Defence of Britain Database UID
External Cross Reference Number : S0007956
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TM 06 NW 23
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1464534
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1464658
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1396136
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1396140
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, THE DEFENCE OF BRITAIN PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1995-04-01
End Date : 2002-03-01
Associated Activities : Primary, NHPP: WORLD WAR II TEMPORARY AIRFIELDS
Activity type : THEMATIC SURVEY
Start Date : 2012-01-01
End Date : 2012-12-31