HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Wades Causeway

Hob Uid: 1012169
Location :
North Yorkshire
Scarborough, Ryedale
Egton, Barugh (Great and Little), Amotherby, Normanby, Wrelton, Middleton, Grosmont, Habton, Stape, Newholm-cum-Dunsley, Hutton Mulgrave, Cropton
Grid Ref : SE8570011100
Summary : A presumed Roman road from Malton (Amotherby) to Whitby (Aislaby). The road could possibly be Medieval.
More information : RR 81b - Wade's Causeway. Malton (Amotherby) to Whitby (Aislaby)

The continuation of the north-eastern road from York (RR 81a) beyond Malton seems to have run almost due north from Amotherby. A straight road leads out of the village for half a mile, but then winds considerably, and it is only from Habton Grange that the present road again follows the old line approximately, through Great Barugh to the prominent low isolated ridge of Riseborough. It is probable that a turn to the north-east was made here and a line of footpaths may mark it to Wrelton, where there appears to be traces of a raised ridge in a long narrow field. A lane continues the same line to Cawthorn, passing through the westernmost of the four Roman camps (SE 79 SE 63, 64,65,67). A precipitous escarpment had to be negotiated at this point, and beyond this the road has been traced upon a north-easterly alignment to the hamlet of Stape on the edge of Pickering Moor. The track over the moor marks it but near Key Beck House the Roman road lies upon an independent parallel course through the fields a little below the house, marked by a wall and, beyond the enclosures, by an unploughed strip through Forestry Commission planting with traces of an agger (see SE 89 NW 73 ). After crossing Butmoor Beck (sic), the excavated road can be seen on Wheeldale Moor (see SE 89 NW 72)for three quarters of a mile. The course then follows the eastern edge of Wheeldale Moor and after crossing the Wheeldale Gill, it is continued as a terraced lane past Hollin House and Julian Park, where a minor road and in part a green lane mark it. Near Low Burrow it passed through the small Roman camp (see NZ 80 SW 3) and then continued as a ridgeway to the end of the ridge above Grosmont. The road must have crossed the Esk at Grosmont but its course beyond is uncertain. Traces of stone found near Aislaby (c) are now considered doubtful. (1) Detailed survey of Wade's Causeway.(2)

See Linear Archive File for further details (3)

Oblique and vertical air photographs contained in the NMR air photograph library have been examined for evidence of the Roman road in the immediate vicinity of the Camps. No conclusive proof of its course has been revealed. This air photograph evaluation (4-5) was undertaken as part of a wider research project investigating Cawthorn Camps from 1998-2002. In addition to the air photographic work, this research has included geophysical survey, topographic survey of Fort A and Annexe B, and two seasons of excavation. (6-7) One of the trenches opened in 1999 was located in the area between Camp C and Fort A to investigate the possible existence of a road, or indeed other features, in this area. No archaeological features were discovered. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Roman roads in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 425-26
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1973
Source Number : 1a
Source : Reliquary and illustrated archaeologist
Source details : Rev. Canon Atkinson
Page(s) : 96
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 8
Source Number : 8
Source : Ryedale historian
Source details : Wilson, P. and Lee, G. 2000-1. 'Cawthorn Camps; Trial Excavations 1999'
Page(s) : 05-Aug
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 20
Source Number : 1b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Kitson-Clark M. 1935. Roman Malton & District Report No 5 134
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 1c
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 95
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 34
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hayes R H & Rutter J G. 1964. Wade's Causeway - A Roman Road in North-East Yorkshire. Scarborough Archaeological & Historical Society Research Report No 4. 96 pages. Plans, Sections, Profiles, Photos. Scarborough.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ordnance Survey Linear Archive File RR 81b in NMRC
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Stone, J. 1999. 'Cawthorn Camps, North Yorkshire. Air Photograph Evaluation' (Phase I)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Stone, J. 2002. 'Cawthorn Camps, North Yorkshire. Air Photograph Evaluation' (Phase II)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Wilson, P. and Lee, G. 1999. 'Cawthorn Camps, North Yorkshire. Project Design for Trial Excavations'
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Wilson, P. and Lee, G. 2000. 'Cawthorn Camps, North Yorkshire. Assessment and Revised Project Design'
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Road
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Road
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Road Number
External Cross Reference Number : RR 81b
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : LINEAR 254
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 62807
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 59900
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 917009
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1003040
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 917116
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 60589
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 916866
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 917038
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 29351
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1012426
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1012511
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1012574
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1012577
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1024229
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1024240
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, WADE'S CAUSEWAY, WHEELDALE MOOR
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1912-01-01
End Date : 1920-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, GROSMONT PRIORY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1941-01-01
End Date : 1945-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FLAMBOROUGH RIGG PLANTATION
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1946-01-01
End Date : 1946-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WADE'S CAUSEWAY, NEAR HOLLIN HOUSE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1962-01-01
End Date : 1962-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WHEELDALE ROAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: CAWTHORN CAMPS AIR PHOTOGRAPH EVALUATION, PHASE I
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1999-08-01
End Date : 1999-11-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: CAWTHORN CAMPS AIR PHOTOGRAPH EVALUATION, PHASE II
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31