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Historic England Research Records

Little Walden Airfield

Hob Uid: 1402069
Location :
Essex
Uttlesford
Saffron Walden, Hadstock, Ashdon, Great Chesterford
Grid Ref : TL5520043300
Summary : A former World War Two military airfield, opened in 1944 after construction began the previous year. It was built to "Class A" standard: that is to say it was provided with long concrete runways suitable for bombers and appropriate hangar space, two aircraft hangars Type T2 (one is extant). The technical site was located on the east side of the airfield with bomb stores and ammunition dumps to the west side. During the war it was used by the United States Army 8th Air Force, mainly the 361st Fighter group and the 409th Bomb Group. It was known to the Americans as Station 165. The airfield closed to flying in 1946 and the site closed completely in 1958 after being used to store War Department vehicles. A section of runway, perimeter track and prefabricated military buildings were noted as surviving in 2003. There is also a particularly well preserved example of a typical World War Two contol tower (please see TL 54 SE 54 for further details).
More information : Little Walden Airfield, Essex, TL 558 435. Opened 1944, closed 1946 (see source 2 below for later phase of use). In December 1944 the base was used by the 8th USAAF 361st Fighter Group (1)

Little Walden (Hadstock) Airfield opened in 1944 after construction began the previous year, on land previously belonging to Little Walden Park. It was built to "Class A" standard: that is to say it was provided with long concrete runways suitable for bombers and appropriate hangar space, two aircraft hangars Type T2. An annotated reproduction montage of RAF photographs taken in 1946 included in the source show that the technical site was located on the east side of the airfield with bomb stores and ammunition dumps to the west side. During the war it was used by the United States Army 8th Air Force, mainly the 409th Bomb Group, and was known as Station 165. The site closed in 1958 after being used to store War Department vehicles after the war (these are visible on the 1946 photograph). (2)

The former Little Walden Airfield, Hadstock, Essex, TL 558 430. A section of runway, perimeter track and prefabricated military buildings of the type known as Romney huts and one modified type T2 aircraft hangar were noted as surviving in 2003. There is also a particularly well preserved example of a typical World War Two contol tower. (3)

Airfield TL 558 435. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Military airfields in the British Isles 1939-1945
Source details :
Page(s) : 127
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Airfields of the eighth : then and now
Source details :
Page(s) : 154-155
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : English Heritage Thematic Listing Programme, May 2003: "Survey of Military Aviation Sites and Structures Summary Report", Annexe 1, unpaged.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 4
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 1:10000, 1960
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : World War II from 1944
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1944
Monument Type : Runway, Military Airfield, Perimeter Track, Prefabricated Building, Aircraft Hangar (Type T2)
Evidence : Structure, Extant Building
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Use change 1946-1958
Monument End Date : 1958
Monument Start Date : 1946
Monument Type : Military Depot
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Closed to flying 1946
Monument End Date : 1946
Monument Start Date : 1946
Monument Type : Military Airfield
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : Second World War
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1944
Monument Type : Military Airfield
Evidence :

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TL 54 SE 53
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1402079
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : NHPP: WORLD WAR II TEMPORARY AIRFIELDS
Activity type : THEMATIC SURVEY
Start Date : 2012-01-01
End Date : 2012-12-31