HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Chain Home Station Ch22

Hob Uid: 1412472
Location :
Essex
Rochford
Canewdon
Grid Ref : TQ9052794190
Summary : The site of a Royal Air Force Chain Home radar station at Canewdon. It was built between 1936 and 1938 to provide early warning of enemy aircraft approaching the Thames Estuary. The facilities at Canewdon were important in providing early warning during the Battle of Britain. The stations commonly comprised transmission and receiver blocks, four 240ft timber receiver aerial towers, four 350ft steel transmitter aerial towers that stood on concrete pads, and other buildings such as dispersed accommodation huts, guard huts and standby set houses. From 1940 defensive measures were installed at radar stations, including Light Anti-Aircraft gun emplacements, pill boxes, road blocks and air raid shelters. The Canewdon station was split into two halves, the receiver site north of Lambourne Hall Road and the transmitter site south of Gardeners Lane. Aerial photography from 1970 shows that the transmission block survives in fair condition, with four sets of aerial bases visible. The married wardens quarters or guard house survives, as do some ancillary buildings. The remote aerials and transmitters at TQ 908 947 have since been removed. The only remains of the receiver site are two surviving pill boxes.
More information : RADAR STATION. Letter with list of sites. RDF. Recorder- A. Hill. (1)

A Chain Home radar station at located at Canewdon (TQ 905 946), known as CH22. Chain Home stations commonly comprised transmission and receiver blocks, four 240ft timber receiver aerial towers, four 350ft steel transmitter aerial towers that stood on concrete pads, and other buildings such as dispersed accommodation huts, guard huts and standby set houses. From 1940 defensive measures were installed at radar stations, including Light Anti-Aircraft (LAA) gun emplacements, pill boxes, road blocks and air raid shelters. LAA emplacements were located at identified Vulnerable Points (VP). At Canewdon these were VP 127 (River) at TQ 908 957; VP 127 (Pond) at TQ 902 938); VP 127 (Post Office) at TQ 902 943 and VP 127 (New Hall) at TQ 908 945. (2)

A Chain Home station at Canewdon. Aerial photography from 1970 shows that the transmission block survives in fair condition, with four sets of aerial bases visible. The married wardens quarters or guard house survives, as do some ancillary buildings. The remote aerials and transmitters at TQ 908 947 have since been removed. The only remains of the receiver section of the site are two surviving pill boxes. (3)

The Canewdon station was split into two halves, the receiver site north of Lambourne Hall Road and the transmitter site south of Gardeners Lane. (4)

Canewdon was a chain home station that lay within the key area of 11 Group RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain. It and provided long range early warning for the Thames Estuary and the north-eastern approaches to London during the battle. (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Migrated Defence of Britain Project database record originally compiled from various sources
Source details : The two databases developed by the Project can be searched on-line through the Archaeology Data Service at http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/specColl/dob/index.cfm
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Twentieth century fortifications in England, volume 7. Acoustics and radar: England's early warning systems 1915-1945
Source details :
Page(s) : 161
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Twentieth century military recording project: World War Two radar stations
Source details :
Page(s) : 83
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : Essex County Council, 2003. Unlocking Essex's Past <> [Accessed on 21-JUL-2008]
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : Royal Air Force 2005. 'Battle of Britain: 11 Group' <> [Accessed 13-JUL-2010]
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Mid 20th Century
Display Date : Built between 1936 and 1938
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1936
Monument Type : Chain Home Station, Radar Station
Evidence : Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : 1939-1945
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1939
Monument Type : Chain Home Station, Radar Station
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : DoB Non Anti Invasion Database UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1799
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Essex)
External Cross Reference Number : 19574
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Essex)
External Cross Reference Number : 19575
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TQ 99 SW 53
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1476788
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, THE DEFENCE OF BRITAIN PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1995-04-01
End Date : 2002-03-01
Associated Activities : Primary, LANDSCAPES OF WAR RECORDING PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31