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Historic England Research Records

Civil Bombing Decoy C2g

Hob Uid: 1414274
Location :
Stockton-On-Tees
Stockton-On-Tees
Grindon
Grid Ref : NZ4340026600
Summary : A Second World War bombing decoy at Wolviston. It was built as part of the 'C-series' of civil decoys to deflect enemy bombing from the Imperial Chemical Industries plant at Billingham. This site functioned as both a 'QF' and 'QL' decoy. The 'QF' decoy consisted of a series of controlled fires lit during an air raid to replicate a target struck by bombs. The 'QL' decoy featured a display of lights to simulate the active marshalling yards and factories that would be associated with a working chemical plant. The site is referenced as being in use during 1942 and 1943. Aerial photography from 1976 shows the remains of the base of a control building situated in scrubland. The control building would have housed an operations room and provided the decoy crew with shelter. Further civil bombing decoy sites for Middlesbrough were located at Grangetown, Bran Sands, Seal Sands, Greenabella, Cowpen Bewley, Newton Bewley, Grangetown, Elton, Middleton and Kirkleatham.
More information : BOMBING DECOY SITE. SRF, with 1 photograph. SRF, with sketch site plan. C2g. Control and Generator Room. QL / QF. Recorder- H.C. Newbould, and A. Rudd. (1)

A Second World War 'QL' and 'QF' bombing decoy located at Wolviston (NZ 437 263). It was constructed as part of the 'C-series' of civil decoys to deflect enemy bombing from the Imperial Chemical Industries plant at Billingham in Middlesbrough. It is referenced as being in use between 02-OCT-1942 and 01-MAY-1943. The 'QL' decoy featured a display of lights to simulate active railway marshalling yards and factories. Further civil bombing decoy sites for Middlesbrough were located at Bran Sands (NZ 559 236), Seal Sands (NZ 513 246), Greenabella (NZ 514 261), Cowpen Bewley (NZ 494 241), Newton Bewley (NZ 475 260), Grangetown (NZ 572 218), Elton (NZ 394 180), Middleton (NZ 481 114) and Kirkleatham (NZ 616 193). (2)

Aerial photography from 1976 shows the remains of a control building located in scrubland at the site. (3)

NGR concords with that given in source 2. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Migrated Defence of Britain Project database record originally compiled from various sources
Source details : The two databases developed by the Project can be searched on-line through the Archaeology Data Service at http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/specColl/dob/index.cfm
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Source Number : 2
Source : Twentieth century fortifications in England, volume 3. Bombing decoys of WWII : England's passive air defences, 1939-45
Source details :
Page(s) : 125,132,160
Figs. :
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Source Number : 3
Source : Twentieth century military recording project: World War Two bombing decoy sites
Source details :
Page(s) : 55
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Source Number : 4
Source : Fields of deception: Britain's bombing decoys of World War II
Source details :
Page(s) : 276
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Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : Built by 1942
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1939
Monument Type : Bombing Decoy Site, Bombing Decoy
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : DoB Non Anti Invasion Database UID
External Cross Reference Number : 3698
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 42 NW 19
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
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Relationship type : General association
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Relationship type : General association
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Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1414277
Relationship type : General association
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Associated Monuments : 1467977
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Associated Monuments : 1467982
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1415790
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : THE DEFENCE OF BRITAIN PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1995-04-01
End Date : 2002-03-01
Associated Activities : LANDSCAPES OF WAR RECORDING PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31