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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1460314

Hob Uid: 1460314
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Oare
Grid Ref : SS8099048615
Summary : A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow system is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs on an east facing slope above Wheatham Combe. A series of parallel gutters were used to distribute flowing water evenly over the meadow in order to encourage early growth in spring and prevent freezing in winter.
More information : A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow system is visible as a series of earthworks on aerial photographs to the east of Guskin Combe. The system extends over an area measuring approximately 1.8 hectares and is centred at SS 8099 4863. Six roughly parallel channels, known as gutters measuring up to 160 metres long are visible, and were used to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to encourage early growth in spring and prevent freezing in winter. There is no suggestion from the aerial photographs that the gutters were linked to a farmyard; however, place name evidence suggests an agricultural building at the south end of the system marked Eastmead Linhay on the Ordnance Survey 1:10560 and it is possible that the gutters were supplied with liquid manure from here (1-2).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/72065 108 17-APR-1972
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Source Number : 2
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 1:10560 1963
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Source Number : 3
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Cook, H and Williamson, T 2007 "Water Meadows; History, Ecology and Conservation" Windgather Press, Cambridge pages 1-7
Page(s) : 01-Jul
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Water Meadow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 84 NW 74
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1460391
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01