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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1461388

Hob Uid: 1461388
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Trentishoe
Grid Ref : SS6337846674
Summary : A post medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks to the east and west of Rudd Cottage. A series of roughly parallel gutters were used to distribute water over the surface of the meadow in order to encourage early growth in spring and prevent freezing in winter. It is not clear from the aerial photographs whether the ditches are connected with the yard at Rudd Cottage or with the yard at Trenishoe Manor, but this does appear to be an integrated system, in that it also distributed liquid manure as fertilser across the fields.
More information : A post medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks to the east and west of Rudd Cottage. Centred at SS 6336 4668, at least four ditches crossing four fields are visible on a steep east facing slope. The ditches, known as gutters, vary in length from 90 to 195 metres, and appear to bed fed by a spring at SS 2633 4678. This series of roughly parallel gutters were used to distribute water over the surface of the meadow in order to encourage early growth in spring and prevent freezing in winter. It is not clear from the aerial photographs whether the ditches are connected with the yard at Rudd Cottage or with the yard at Trenishoe Manor, but this does appear to be an integrated system, in that it also distributed liquid manure as fertilser across the fields (1-2).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/72065 160 15-APR-1972
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Source Number : 2
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : Cook, H and Williamson, T 2007 "Water Meadows; History, Ecology and Conservation" Windgather Press, Cambridge page(s) 1-7
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Water Meadow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 64 NW 56
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01