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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1461635

Hob Uid: 1461635
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Brendon and Countisbury
Grid Ref : SS7691547987
Summary : Evidence of short-lived enclosure activity, potentially of medieval date, is visible on aerial photographs as earthwork field boundaries and possible ridge and furrow, to the south of Brendon.
More information : Evidence of short-lived enclosure activity, potentially of medieval date, is visible on aerial photographs as earthwork field boundaries and possible ridge and furrow, in rough ground approximately 150 metres to the south of Leeford Farm, Brendon. The earthworks are visible on a steep slope which climbs between 220 to 260 metres above Ordnance Datum, centred on circa SS 76984799, and cover an area of almost 1.2 hectares. The boundaries are not marked on the 1:2500 scale First Edition Ordnance Survey map of 1889, but appear to abut, and may be contemporary with, a small sub-rectangular enclosure marked and still extant within this area. Narrow ridge and furrow within the areas defined by the boundaries may be evidence an attempts at agricultural improvement. The highest 10 metres of this area contains natural outcrops of bedrock which may have made such improvement uneconomic. A possible hollow-way and flanking earthwork banks may cross under the line of the extant enclosure and might therefore be evidence for an earlier phase of organisation.
On the available aerial photographs vegetation and poor lighting obscures the area between the westernmost linear earthwork and Cross Lane, which might contain further remains.
Similar earthworks 200 metres along Cross Lane to the south-west may be part of the same phase of enclosure activity. (1-2)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/72065 075-076 15-APR-1972
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Source Number : 2
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/95026 089-090 03-MAR-2007
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Field Boundary, Ridge And Furrow, Hollow Way
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 74 NE 128
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1461413
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01