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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1462729

Hob Uid: 1462729
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Martinhoe
Grid Ref : SS6652746526
Summary : A post medieval water meadow system known locally as a catchwater meadow system, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks to the north west of Killington. A series of approximately parallel gutters were used to distributed flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to encourage early growth in spring and prevent the ground freezing in winter. This system may have been connected to the farmyard at Killington, suggesting that this was an integrated system which also distributed liquid manure as fertiliser across the fields.
More information : A post medieval water meadow system known locally as a catchwater meadow system, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks to the north west of Killington. At least five gutters are visible situated on either side of a steep north-west facing slope above an un-named valley or combe following the contours of the slope. The gutters range from between 40 to 150 metres in length and measure between 2 and 3 metres wide.
Catchwater meadows used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distributed flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to encourage early growth in spring and prevent the ground freezing in winter. This system may have been connected to the farmyard at Killington, suggesting that this was an integrated system which also distributed liquid manure as fertiliser across the fields. Most catchwater meadows are believed to have been constructed in the post medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period (1-2).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/72065 155 15-APR-1972
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Source Number : 2
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Cook, H and Williamson, T 2007 "Water Meadows; History, Ecology and Conservation" Windgather Press, Cambridge page(s) 1-7
Page(s) : 01-Jul
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Water Meadow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 64 NE 86
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01