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Airfield Bombing Decoy Q8b

Hob Uid: 1464021
Location :
Stockton-On-Tees
Stockton-On-Tees
Hilton
Grid Ref : NZ4810011400
Summary : A Second World War bombing decoy site at Middleton. It was built to deflect enemy bombing from Royal Air Force Thornaby airfield and later used to protect Middlesbrough. This was a 'Q-type' night decoy, which displayed a sequence of lights simulating an active airfield. It is referenced as being operational between June 1940 and August 1942. The site also operated as a 'QF' fire decoy for Middlesbrough as part of the 'C series' of civil decoys. The 'QF' decoy operated by lighting a series of controlled fires to resemble an industrial target struck by bombs. In 1941 a 'Permanent Starfish' decoy was built at the site to protect the city of Middlesbrough. This was effectively a larger-scale 'QF' decoy, which was designed to replicate an urban area targeted by bombs. This is referenced as being in use until March 1942. An unspecified building survives in near complete condition at the Middleton decoy site. An earlier bombing decoy site for Royal Air Force Thornaby airfield was situated at Grangetown. Middleton was one of ten civil bombing decoy sites for Middlesbrough, and one of six 'Starfish' sites.
More information : A Second World War bombing decoy located at Middleton (NZ 481 114). It was built to deflect enemy bombing from RAF Thornaby airfield. It operated as a 'Q-type' decoy from 19-JUN-1940 to 12-AUG-1942 and as a 'QF type' on 22-NOV-1942. Later used as a 'QF' decoy for Middlesbrough as part of the 'C-series' of civil decoys. The 'Permanent Starfish' site is referenced as being in use between 01-AUG-1941 and 24-MAR-1942.
A further bombing decoy for RAF Thornaby located at Grangetown (NZ 572 218). Further civil bombing decoy sites for Middlesbrough were located at Bran Sands (NZ 559 236), Seal Sands (NZ 513 246), Greenabella (NZ 514 261), Cowpen Bewley (NZ 494 241), Newton Bewley (NZ 475 260), Wolviston (NZ 437 263), Elton (NZ 394 180), Grangetown (NZ 572 218) and Kirkleatham (NZ 616 193).
Further 'Starfish' site for Middlesbrough were located at Kirkleatham, Newton, Bewley, Osmotherley (SE 476 987), Guisborough (NZ 608 118), and Sneaton Moor (NZ 903 029). (1)

Middleton decoy served as a 'QF' site for Middlesborough as part of the 'C-series' of civil decoys. One building of the original decoy site remains in near complete condition. (2)

NGR concords with source 1. The 'Starfish' decoys for Middlesbrough were implemented in 1941 and the final few decommissioned in early 1945. They were among the most successful bombing decoys of the war. (3)

Aerial photograph consulted in source 2 showing one building surviving. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Twentieth century fortifications in England, volume 3. Bombing decoys of WWII : England's passive air defences, 1939-45
Source details :
Page(s) : 102, 125,132,144,149
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Twentieth century military recording project: World War Two bombing decoy sites
Source details :
Page(s) : 55
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Fields of deception: Britain's bombing decoys of World War II
Source details :
Page(s) : 89,208,213,244,260
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : 7360/175 06-JUN-1976
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : Built in 1940
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1940
Monument Type : Bombing Decoy, Starfish Site
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 41 SE 17
External Cross Reference Notes :

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Related Activities :
Associated Activities : LANDSCAPES OF WAR RECORDING PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31