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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1467259

Hob Uid: 1467259
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Challacombe
Grid Ref : SS6845242127
Summary : A number of fragmentary medieval or post medieval field boundaries are visible on aerial photographs as earthworks in fields around Withycombe Farm, Challacombe. Some are overlain by a post medieval water meadow (see NMR UID 1466896).
More information : A number of fragmentary medieval or post medieval field boundaries are visible on aerial photographs as earthworks in fields around Withycombe Farm, Challacombe. Centred at approximately SS 6851 4217 the banks follow various alignments, in some cases running parallel with extant field boundaries. At SS 6856 4226 a bank runs north-east to south-west downslope, measuring approximately 59 metres long. A second bank, heavily fragmented, is visible at SS 6855 4218 measuring 68 metres long and running approximately north-south. This bank lies parallel with an extant field boundary at SS 6856 4220, and may be associated with it. Fragments of a third bank are visible to the west of the farm at SS 6848 4214. This bank is very irregular, but appears to run approximately east-west downslope before curving to the south. It has been cut in several places by construction of a post medieval water meadow (see NMR UID 1466896), suggesting that the bank predates this period.
It is difficult to be certain of the form of the field system due to the condition of the banks. However, since the banks are not depicted on the 1st edition Ordnance Survey map it seems likely they were abandoned prior to publication, and they may be indicative of a longer period of settlement activity at Withycombe Farm than previously thought (1-2).

Medieval or Post Medieval boundaries to the south of the farm buildings were mapped as part of a survey of Challacombe in 1999. They are centred at SS 684 420. They seem to have a different character to those of the numerous lynchets associated with strip fields which once covered much of Challacombe parish - see NMR 909948 for details.
(3-4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/73109 885-86 29-APR-1973
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Source Number : 2
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 1:2500 1889
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Source Number : 3
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Helen Winton/20-DEC-1999/RCHME: Challacombe, West Exmoor
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Riley H and Wilson-North R 2001 The Field Archaeology of Exmoor
Page(s) : 98-99
Figs. : 4.13
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Field Boundary, Field System, Bank (Earthwork)
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Field Boundary, Field System, Bank (Earthwork)
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 61763
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 64 SE 104
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1466896
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01