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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1468924

Hob Uid: 1468924
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Parracombe
Grid Ref : SS6711444201
Summary : A probable post medieval leat or water channel is visible on aerial photographs as an earthwork in a field south of the A39, Parracombe. Its form and position suggest it may represent the remains of a water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, which used a series of approximately parallel gutters located on a slope to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow. This prevented freezing in winter and encouraged early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock.
More information : A probable post medieval leat or water channel is visible on aerial photographs as an earthwork in a field south of the A39, Parracombe. The leat, which is centred at approximately SS 6711 4420 on a fairly gentle north facing slope, runs approximately east-west for about 190 metres. Its form and position suggest it may represent the remains of a water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, which used a series of approximately parallel gutters located on a slope to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow. This prevented freezing in winter and encouraged early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. A small spring shown on the modern Ordnance Survey 1:10000 map may have provided water for the system. Most catchwater meadows are believed to date to the post medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period (1-3).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF CPE/UK/1980 4090-91 11-APR-1947
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Source Number : 2
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Cook, H and Williamson, T 2007 "Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation" Windgather Press, Cambridge page(s) 1-7, 28-29
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Source Number : 3
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 1:10000 2004
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Leat, Water Channel, Water Meadow
Evidence : Earthwork, Conjectural Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 64 SE 131
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01