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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1470624

Hob Uid: 1470624
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Exmoor
Grid Ref : SS7288142268
Summary : A large area of peat cutting, of probable post medieval date, is visible as numerous small pits and irregular earthworks on The Chains, Exmoor. The cuttings, which are closely associated with an area of 19th century drainage, were most likely abandoned in the late 19th or 20th century.
More information : A large area of peat cutting, of probable post medieval date, is visible on aerial photographs as numerous small pits and irregular earthworks on The Chains covering an area of approximately 42 hectares. The earthworks are centred on SS 728 423 and are of a variety of shapes and sizes, from square pits measuring 6-10 metres across, to less regularly shaped, curved or linear pits up to 100 metres across. The cuttings are closely associated with an area of 19th century drainage, believed to date to the Knight family's land improvement activity in the area.
Due to the vast number of pits visible on aerial photographs, only a representative sample has been transcribed, indicating distribution and form. Peat cutting is known to have continued on Exmoor until vey recently, and may continue in places. Similar areas are visible to the north-east and south-east (1-3).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/73109 924-27 29-APR-1973
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Source Number : 2
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : Exmoor National Park Authority photograph IRFC 5804-05 XX-XXX-1983
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Source Number : 3
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Riley, H and Wilson-North, R 2001 "The Field Archaeology of Exmoor" English Heritage, Swindon page(s) 47, 143
Page(s) : 47, 143
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Peat Cutting
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : 20th Century
Monument End Date : 2000
Monument Start Date : 1901
Monument Type : Peat Cutting
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 74 SW 196
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1470338
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01