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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1475490

Hob Uid: 1475490
Location :
Somerset, Devon
North Devon, Somerset West and Taunton
Exmoor, Brendon and Countisbury
Grid Ref : SS7641743334
Summary : A large area of peat cutting, of probable post medieval date, is visible as numerous small pits and irregular earthworks on moorland north-west of Brendon Two Gates on the B3223, Brendon. It is not clear whether the peat was extracted for domestic fuel, or for turfing enclosure walls.The cuttings were most likely abandoned in the late 19th or 20th century.
More information : A large area of peat cutting, of probable post medieval date, is visible on aerial photographs as numerous irregular sunken pits and earthworks on moorland north west of Brendon Two Gates on the B3223, covering an area of approximately 8 hectares. The earthworks are centred on approximately SS 7643 4332 and are of a variety of shapes and sizes, from large square pits measuring up to 26 metres across, to less regularly shaped, curved pits up to 30 metres long by 5 metres wide. It is not clear whether the peat was extracted for domestic fuel, or for turfing enclosure walls.
Due to the vast number of pits visible on aerial photographs, only a representative sample has been transcribed, indicating distribution and form. Peat cutting is known to have continued on Exmoor until very recently, and may continue in places. Similar areas are visible to the north and south, and this patch of cuttings may be part of the larger area extending from Withycombe Ridge to Blackpitts (1-3).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/73109 872-73 29-APR-1973
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Source Number : 2
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Riley, H. and Wilson-North, R. 2001 "The Field Archaeology of Exmoor" Swindon, English Heritage pages) 47, 143
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Source Number : 3
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Burton, R.A. 1989 "The Heritage of Exmoor" Tiverton, Maslands Ltd., page(s) 232-33
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Peat Cutting
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : 20th Century
Monument End Date : 2000
Monument Start Date : 1901
Monument Type : Peat Cutting
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 74 SE 160
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1475487
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1476312
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01