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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1475739

Hob Uid: 1475739
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Exmoor
Grid Ref : SS7893641903
Summary : A large area of post medieval, probably 19th century parallel drainage ditches is visible on aerial photographs as earthworks on West Pinford, Exmoor. The ditches were most likely cut as part of the Knight family's attempt at improvement following their acquisition of the former Royal Forest in 1820. According to Orwin, many miles of drainage ditches were cut across parts of Exmoor, but failed to provide adequate drainage for the land to be enclosed. Other similar ditches are visible in the surrounding areas, some draining into natural streams and water courses, others appearing to drain into contour leats.
More information : A large area of post medieval, probably 19th century parallel drainage ditches is visible on aerial photographs as earthworks on West Pinford, Exmoor. Centred at approximately SS 7899 4191, the ditches mostly run east-west, following the contours of the slope, and cover an area of approximately 66 hectares.
The ditches were most likely cut as part of the Knight family's attempt at improvement following their acquisition of the former Royal Forest in 1820. According to Orwin, many miles of drainage ditches were cut across parts of Exmoor, but failed to provide adequate drainage for the land to be enclosed. Other similar ditches are visible to the east and west, some draining into natural streams and water courses, others appearing to drain into contour leats. In places these other areas are cut by later 19th century enclosure walls (1-2).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF CPE/UK/1980 3158-60 11-APR-1947
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Source Number : 2
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Orwin, C.S. 1929 "The Reclamation of Exmoor Forest" London, Oxford University Press page(s) 32-33
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Drainage Ditch, Drainage System
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 18810
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 74 SE 189
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 974790
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1477817
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1477851
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1477856
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1477860
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1475743
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1475726
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1475766
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01