HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Chain Home Low Station Chl05a

Hob Uid: 1477148
Location :
East Sussex
Hastings
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : TQ8580011800
Summary : The site of a Royal Air Force Chain Home Low radar station at Fairlight established by June 1940. It provided early warning of low-flying enemy aircraft approaching the south coast between Hastings and Rye. It formed part of the radar warning network for the key 11 Group of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain. Chain Home Low sites typically comprised two gantries carrying the transmitter and receiver aerial arrays, a transmitter and receiver hut, a standby set house for the reserve power, and a general purposes hut. Defence measures installed at radar stations included Light Anti-Aircraft gun emplacements, pillboxes, road blocks and air raid shelters. Aerial photography from 1972 shows that the station had been removed, but an air raid shelter was visible in a disused quarry.
More information : A Chain Home Low Station located at Fairlight (TQ 858 118), called site CHL05A. It was established by the end of June 1941. Chain Home Low (CHL) stations provided early warning of approaching low-flying enemy aircraft during the Second World War. CHL stations used technology originally used by the Army to plot shipping for coastal batteries. In 1940 the Royal Air Force established the series of Chain Home Low stations to supplement the existing Chain Home stations as they were capable of detecting lower-flying aircraft. CHL sites typically comprised two gantries carrying the transmitter and receiver aerial arrays, a transmitter and receiver hut, a standby set house for the reserve power, and a general purposes hut. Defence measures installed at radar stations included Light Anti-Aircraft gun emplacements, pillboxes, road blocks and air raid shelters. (1)

Chain Home Low Station at Fairlight. Aerial photography from 1972 shows that the station has been removed, but an air raid shelter is visible in an old quarry. (2)

Aerial photograph referenced in source 2. (3)

RAF Fairlight provided early warning for low-flying enemy aircraft approaching the south coast between Hastings and Rye. (4)


Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Twentieth century fortifications in England, volume 7. Acoustics and radar: England's early warning systems 1915-1945
Source details :
Page(s) : 164
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Twentieth century military recording project: World War Two radar stations
Source details :
Page(s) : 83
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : MAL/72021/023 23-MAR-1972
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : Royal Air Force and Crown Copyright, 2004. 11 Group Stations of the the Battle of Britain <> Updated on 16-FEB-2005 [Accessed on 24-JUL-2008]
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : Established by 1940
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1940
Monument Type : Chain Home Station, Radar Station, Air Raid Shelter
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TQ 81 SE 142
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, LANDSCAPES OF WAR RECORDING PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31