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Historic England Research Records

Chain Home Low Station Chl39a

Hob Uid: 1477492
Location :
County Durham
Hawthorn
Grid Ref : NZ4310046900
Summary : The site of a Royal Air Force Chain Home Low radar station at Kinley Hill. It provided early warning of approaching low-flying enemy aircraft during the Second World War. Chain Home Low sites typically comprised two gantries carrying the transmitter and receiver aerial arrays, a transmitter and receiver hut, a standby set house for the reserve power, and a general purposes hut. Defence measures installed at radar stations included Light Anti-Aircraft gun emplacements, pillboxes, road blocks and air raid shelters. Aerial photography from 1979 shows that six standing ancillary buildings and a number of building bases survive at the site.
More information : A Chain Home Low Station located at Kinley Hill (NZ 431 469), called site CHL39A. It was established by 27-SEP-1941. Chain Home Low (CHL) stations provided early warning of approaching low-flying enemy aircraft during the Second World War. CHL stations used technology originally used by the Army to plot shipping for coastal batteries. In 1940 the Royal Air Force established the series of Chain Home Low stations to supplement the existing Chain Home stations as they were capable of detecting lower-flying aircraft. CHL sites typically comprised two gantries carrying the transmitter and receiver aerial arrays, a transmitter and receiver hut, a standby set house for the reserve power, and a general purposes hut. Defence measures installed at radar stations included Light Anti-Aircraft gun emplacements, pillboxes, road blocks and air raid shelters. (1)

Chain Home Low Station at Kinley Hill. Aerial photography from 1979 shows that six standing ancillary buildings and a number of building bases survive at the site. (2)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Twentieth century fortifications in England, volume 7. Acoustics and radar: England's early warning systems 1915-1945
Source details :
Page(s) : 165
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Twentieth century military recording project: World War Two radar stations
Source details :
Page(s) : 49
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Second World War
Display Date : Established by 1941
Monument End Date : 1945
Monument Start Date : 1939
Monument Type : Radar Station, Chain Home Station
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Demolished Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 44 NW 176
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, LANDSCAPES OF WAR RECORDING PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31