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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1477836

Hob Uid: 1477836
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Exmoor
Grid Ref : SS8243741736
Summary : A small area of peat cutting can be seen on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards on the south facing slopes of Swap Hill, on either side of the track bed of the proposed Porlock to Simonsbath railway. The peat cuttings, known locally as turfs, are physically associated with nineteenth century drainage ditches and were probably opportunistically exploiting the excavations of the failed drainage system in the second half of the nineteenth century.
More information : A small area of peat cutting of probable nineteenth century date can be seen as irregularly shaped pits and disturbed ground on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards, centred on circa SS 82434173. The clearly visible pits vary in shape and size from small rectilinear pits less than 5 metres in length to less regularly shaped features up to 15 metres in length, and probably represent the deepest features. However, more extensive but shallower workings are probably present but are visible only as a disturbed ground surface covering about 4000 square metres (0.4 hectares). Due to the difficult nature of this evidence, which can vary in appearance on aerial photographs from year to year, the transcription attempts only to convey the area and general character of the excavations, and should be taken only as indicative of the extent of individual pits.
The heyday of peat cutting on Exmoor was probably in the first half of the nineteenth century, although small scale cutting probably continued well into the twentieth century. These pits are physically associated with nineteenth century drainage ditches and were probably opportunistically exploiting the excavations of the failed drainage system in the second half of the nineteenth century.
(1-3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF CPE/UK/1980 (F20) 3164-5 11-APR-1947
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Source Number : 2
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF 540/931 (F20) 3103-4 08-NOV-1952
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Source Number : 3
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : BURTON, R.A. 1989 THE HERITAGE OF EXMOOR. BARNSTAPLE R.A.BURTON
Page(s) : 72, 232-3
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1850
Monument Type : Peat Cutting
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 84 SW 228
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1477817
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1477891
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01