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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1477860

Hob Uid: 1477860
Location :
Somerset
West Somerset
Exmoor
Grid Ref : SS8193041490
Summary : Post medieval drainage ditches are visible as earthworks, Exmoor parish. The ditches were most likely cut as part of the Knight family's attempts at agricultural improvement, possibly associated with the construction of Tom's Hill Farm around 1850. Many miles of drainage ditches were cut across parts of Exmoor, but did not address the underlying issue of compacted ironpan soils and failed to provide adequate drainage for improvement. Similar but more extensive drainage systems are visible to the north and west, some draining into natural streams and water courses, others appearing to drain into contour leats.
More information : A system of at least seven post-medieval drainage ditches is visible on aerial photographs at Sparcombe Water Head, Exmoor parish. The ditches were possibly cut as part of the Knight family's attempt at agricultural improvement associated with the construction of Tom¿s Hill Farm around 1850. Centred on approximately SS 81934149, this drainage system covers an area of roughly 0.7 hectares.
Similar, but much more extensive drainage systems are visible to the north and west towards Warren Farm, some draining into natural streams and water courses, others appearing to drain into the various contour leats.
According to Orwin, many miles of drainage ditches were cut across parts of Exmoor, but this technique did not address the underlying issue of compacted ironpan soils and failed to provide adequate drainage for improvement. (1-2).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF CPE/UK/1980 3162-4 11-APR-1947
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Source Number : 2
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Orwin, C.S. 1929 The Reclamation of Exmoor Forest. London, Oxford University Press
Page(s) : 32-3
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Drain, Drainage System
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 84 SW 232
External Cross Reference Notes :

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