HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1477942

Hob Uid: 1477942
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Exmoor
Grid Ref : SS8091742615
Summary : An area of peat cutting of probable post-medieval date can be seen as numerous irregularly shaped pits and disturbed ground on Swap Hill, on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards. The peat cuttings or turbaries, known locally as turfs, extend eastwards from Porlock Post onto Exford Common, the parish boundary between Exford and Luccombe running east to west through the centre of the cuttings.
More information : An extensive area of peat cutting on Swap Hill of probable post-medieval date can be seen as numerous irregularly shaped, densely packed pits and disturbed ground on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards, centred on circa SS 80934263.
The pits are largely small rectilinear in shape, but vary in size from less than 5 metres long and 2 wide, to large excavations over 90 metres in length and over 10 wide. The larger pits may more readily reflect the cumulative nature of peat cutting on Exmoor, where one family may cut the same peat beds or turbary, known locally as a `turf¿, for generations as part of their commoners rights. In total, this area of peat cutting covers over less than four hectares. Similar but much more extensive cuttings can be seen to the north and east.
Due to the difficult nature of the evidence which can vary in appearance on aerial photographs from year to year, the transcription attempts only to convey the general area of the excavations and character of pits and should not be taken as a definitive transcription of the extent of the cuttings.
Peat cutting has probably taken place on Exmoor from the medieval period, although the heyday was probably in the first half of the nineteenth century. Small scale cutting probably continued in some places well into the twentieth century. (1-2)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF 540/931 (F20) 3107-8 08-NOV-1952
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : BURTON, R.A. 1989 THE HERITAGE OF EXMOOR. BARNSTAPLE R.A.BURTON
Page(s) : 72, 232-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Peat Cutting
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (North Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 18813
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 84 SW 244
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01