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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1477983

Hob Uid: 1477983
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Exmoor
Grid Ref : SS8310742293
Summary : An extensive area of peat cutting of probable nineteenth century date can be seen as numerous irregularly shaped pits and disturbed ground on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards. The peat cuttings extend for over 500 metres over the west facing slopes of Madacombe, to the west of Aldermans Barrow.
More information : An extensive area of peat cutting of probable nineteenth century date can be seen as numerous irregularly shaped, densely packed pits and disturbed ground on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards, centred on circa SS 83134230, on the west facing slopes of Madacombe, to the west of Aldermans Barrow.
The pits are oval and rectilinear in shape, the majority of the visible features ranging in size from 5 to 10 metres across. The exception to this is a large excavation centred on circa SS 83264238, which is more rectilinear in form and approaching 40 metres in length. The larger pits more readily reflect the cumulative nature of peat cutting on Exmoor, where one family may cut the same peat beds or turbary, known locally as a `turf¿, for generations as part of their commoners rights. In total, this area of peat cutting covers over 12 hectares of common land.
Due to the difficult nature of the evidence which can vary in appearance on aerial photographs from year to year, the transcription attempts only to convey the general character and area of the excavations, and should not be taken as a definitive record of the extent the pits.
Peat cutting has probably taken place on Exmoor from the medieval period onwards, but its heyday was probably in the first half of the nineteenth century, although small scale cutting probably continued well into the twentieth century. (1-2)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF 106G/UK/1501 (F20) 4066-7 13-MAY-1946
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Peat Cutting
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 84 SW 249
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1478139
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1478160
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1478164
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1478165
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1478228
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1478030
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01