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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1478165

Hob Uid: 1478165
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Exmoor
Grid Ref : SS8245443422
Summary : A small area of peat cutting of probable 19th century date can be seen as numerous irregularly shaped pits and disturbed ground on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards. This is one of four discrete but possibly associated areas of extraction visible as earthworks on the north-west facing slopes at Madacombe.
More information : Peat cutting of probably largely 19th century date can be seen as three irregularly shaped large pits on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards, centred on circa SS 82464342.
The area of extraction is fairly small and self-contained, covering almost 0.5 hectares. The visible pits are irregularly shaped but quite extensive, with one example showing evidence for continuous turfs over 50 metres in length. All three pits have stepped edges, indicating systematic cutting, and may reflect the cumulative nature of some peat cutting on Exmoor, where one family cuts the same peat beds for generations as part of their commoners rights.
This is one of four discrete but possibly associated areas of extraction on the north-west facing slopes at Madacombe, but appears to have most in common with a more extensive ara of cuttings approximately 200 metres to the south-east.
Due to the difficult nature of the evidence which can vary in appearance on aerial photographs from year to year, the transcription attempts only to convey the general area and character of the excavations, and should be taken only as indicative of the extent of individual pits.
The heyday of peat cutting on Exmoor was in the first half of the nineteenth century, although cutting probably took place on a smaller scale from the medieval period well into the twentieth century. (1-2)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF 540/931 (F20) 4103-5 08-NOV-1952
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 2
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Burton, R.A. 1989 The Heritage of Exmoor. Barnstaple, R.A.Burton
Page(s) : 72, 232-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Peat Cutting
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 84 SW 269
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1478139
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1478160
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1478333
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1477983
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1478350
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1478356
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1478409
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01