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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1484469

Hob Uid: 1484469
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Exmoor
Grid Ref : SS7467238332
Summary : A large area of peat cutting, of probable post medieval date, is visible as numerous pits and irregular earthworks of varying shapes and sizes on Horcombe, south west of Cornham Ford, Exmoor. It is not clear whether the peat was extracted for domestic fuel, or for turfing enclosure walls. The cuttings were most likely abandoned in the late 19th or 20th century.
More information : A large area of peat cutting, of probable post medieval date, is visible on aerial photographs as numerous small pits and irregular earthworks on Horcombe, south west of Cornham Ford,Exmoor and covering an area of approximately 2.5 hectares. The earthworks are centred on SS 7466 3834 and are of a variety of shapes and sizes, from square or rectangular pits measuring 7 metres across, to less regularly shaped, curved or branching trenches up to 45 metres across. Due to the vast number of pits visible on aerial photographs, only a representative sample has been transcribed, indicating distribution and form.
It is likely that these cuttings were worked mainly in the mid to late 19th century, following the acquisition of the former Royal Forest by the Knight family. Prior to that date this area would have been within the forest boundaries. Peat cutting is known to have continued on Exmoor until very recently, and may continue in places. A similar area visible to the west may have been in use at the same time; the pattern of pits and trenches are quite similar (1-3).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/73087 619-20 17-APR-1973
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Source Number : 2
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/96507 44-45 30-MAR-1996
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Source Number : 3
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Burton, R.A. 1989 "The Heritage of Exmoor" Maslands Ltd, Tiverton page(s) 232-33
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Peat Cutting
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 73 NW 108
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1484458
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01