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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1484512

Hob Uid: 1484512
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Brayford
Grid Ref : SS7027438350
Summary : Several low banks forming enclosures are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs west of Rockley Farm, Brayford. At least two of the enclosures lie on an opposite alignment to the extant boundaries in the area, and are also cut by Rockley Lane to the north. The third enclosure is formed by an almost curvilinear bank, which again lies on a different alignment. These factors suggest a medieval or possibly earlier date of origin.
More information : Several low banks forming enclosures are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs west of Rockley Farm, Brayford. Centred at approximately SS 7026 3835, the banks form two rectangular enclosures adjacent to Rockley Lane. The enclosures are aligned approximately north-west to south-east, and therefore lie on an opposite alignment to the extant boundaries in the area. There is a possibility that these enclosures have been truncated by Rockley Lane to the north. The larger of the two, at SS 7026 3840, measures approximately 51 metres by 37 metres, while the smaller, at SS 7031 3841 measures approximately 25 metres by 10 metres. As stated above, however, both may have been truncated. Each of the enclosures is defined by a bank approximately 3.5 metres wide.
The third enclosure, at SS 7023 3831 is formed by an almost curvilinear bank, and again lies on a different alignment, similar to the two rectangular enclosures to the north. This enclosure measures approximately 100 metres by 50 metres, and may have been sub-divided internally. The bank itself is no more than 3 metres wide.
The form of the three enclosures suggests a medieval date. None are depicted on the first edition Ordnance Survey map, suggesting they had been abandoned some time before publication in 1890. It is possible that the remains represent a neighbouring farm to Rockley, now deserted, or that Rockley itself is the remains of a shrunken hamlet or other settlement (1-2).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF CPE/UK/1980 4143-44 11-APR-1947
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Source Number : 2
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 1:2500 1890
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Field Boundary, Bank (Earthwork), Enclosure, Deserted Settlement
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 17820
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 73 NW 115
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01