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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1487423

Hob Uid: 1487423
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Exmoor
Grid Ref : SS7925335581
Summary : A large area of peat cutting, of probable post medieval date, is visible as numerous small pits and irregular earthworks on Horsen Hill, Exmoor. It is not clear whether the peat was extracted for domestic fuel, or for turfing enclosure walls. The cuttings were most likely abandoned in the late 19th or 20th century.
More information : A large area of peat cutting, of probable post medieval date, is visible on aerial photographs as numerous small pits and irregular earthworks covering an area of approximately 24 hectares on Horsen Hill, Exmoor. The earthworks are centred on SS 7926 3556 and are of a variety of shapes and sizes, from square pits measuring 7 metres across, to less regularly shaped, curved pits up to 65 metres across. Due to the vast number of pits visible on aerial photographs, only a representative sample has been transcribed, indicating distribution and form. Peat cutting is known to have continued on Exmoor until very recently, and may continue in places. In places the peat cuttings are overlain by post medieval field boundaries, suggesting that they predate the enclosure of the land around Horsen Hill (1-2).

Sources :
Source Number : 2
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Burton, R.A. 1989 "The Heritage of Exmoor" Maslands Ltd, Tiverton page(s) 232-33
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Source Number : 2
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF CPE/UK/1980 4367-68 11-APR-1947
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Peat Cutting
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 73 NE 133
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1487641
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01