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Historic England Research Records

Mow Cop Castle

Hob Uid: 1493385
Location :
Cheshire East, Staffordshire
Cheshire East, Newcastle-Under-Lyme
Odd Rode, Kidsgrove
Grid Ref : SJ8574757354
Summary : Mow Cop Castle was constructed as a folly in 1754 of sandstone rubble. It straddles the border of the counties of Cheshire and Staffordshire. The largest portion of the building is a round tower with porthole and arched windows, to which is attached a large pointed arch. The hilltop and folly were used as an open air meeting area for the Primitive Methodist movement in the mid to late 19th centuries, attracting over 70,000 people on the centenary of the first assembly.
More information : Mow Cop Castle is a sham ruined castle, or folly, built as a summerhouse by Randle Wilbraham and in 1754. It is constructed of coursed sandstone rubble on a tall gritstone hill and lies within both Cheshire and Staffordshire, straddling the border. The largest portion of the building is a round tower with porthole and arched windows, to which is attached a large pointed arch. (1-2)

The hilltop and folly were used as an open air meeting area for the Primitive Methodist movement in the mid to late 19th centuries. On the centenary of the first assembly there were upwards of 70,000 attendees. (3)

Documented. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : Congleton, 06-JUN-1952
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Source Number : 2
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : Congleton, the portion within Staffordshire, 22-APR-1988
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Source Number : 3
Source : England's Landscape: The East Midlands
Source details :
Page(s) : 195
Figs. : 7.35
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Source Number : 4
Source : An inventory of nonconformist chapels and meeting-houses in the north of England
Source details :
Page(s) : 28
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Built 1754
Monument End Date : 1754
Monument Start Date : 1754
Monument Type : Folly
Evidence : Extant Structure
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Mid-late C19
Monument End Date : 1866
Monument Start Date : 1801
Monument Type : Plaque
Evidence : Architectural Component

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 273340
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 56556
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SJ 85 NE 25
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :