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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1493582

Hob Uid: 1493582
Location :
Devon
North Devon
North Molton
Grid Ref : SS7440034379
Summary : Several post medieval leats are visible on aerial photographs as earthworks to the south and east of Fyldon Wood, North Molton. Their precise function is uncertain, but they may be the remains of a water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow system. These used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock.
More information : Several post medieval leats are visible on aerial photographs as earthworks to the south and east of Fyldon Wood, North Molton. Centred at approximately SS 7447 3444 and covering an area of some 3 hectares, four leats are visible stretching across the east facing slope above a small brook or stream. Their precise function is uncertain, but they may be the remains of a water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow system. These used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. Most catchwater meadows are believed to date to the post medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period (1-2).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/96559 131-32 07-MAY-1996
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Source Number : 2
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Cook, H. and Williamson, T. 2007 "Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation" Windgather Press, Cheshire page(s) 1-7, 28-29
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Leat, Water Meadow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 73 SW 37
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01