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Historic England Research Records

Verteris Vicus

Hob Uid: 14988
Location :
Cumbria
Eden
Brough
Grid Ref : NY7920014000
Summary : The site of a Roman vicus discovered during excavations in 1972. The remains included floors, walls, pits, timber dwellings and a bath house of 2nd to 3rd century date. The prior discovery of bronze objects indicates a bronze workshop of 2nd century date.
More information : The existence of a civilian settlement associated with the Roman fort
at Brough (NY 71 SE 1) has long been assumed on the basis of
discoveries of bronze objects and other finds (see NY 71 SE 4, 6, 8,
9, 10, 17, 19, 34, 35.) The large number of bronze finds indicates
the existence of a local bronze workshop of 2nd century date. (1)

Trial excavations were carried out in 1972 to the east of the fort,
and confirmed the existence of a vicus (area: NY 792 140). A complex
series of features was located, including floors, walls and pits,
timber buildings and the remains of a well-preserved bath-house of
several periods (see NY 71 SE 78). The finds indicated occupation in
the 2nd and 3rd centuries. (2)

NY 791141 Brough Castle and Brough (Verterae) Roman Fort and civil
settlement; scheduled. (3)

No trace of the vicus above ground. (4)


Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : The frontier people of Roman Britain (P Salway)
Source details :
Page(s) : 141
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 17-45
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : N.S. 77 - 1977
Source Number : 3
Source : County list of Scheduled Ancient Monuments : December 1987
Source details : Cumbria
Page(s) : 24
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Keith Blood/17-DEC-1996/RCHME: Brough Castle Survey
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : County list of Scheduled Monuments : March 1996
Source details : Cumbria
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number :
Source : Brough Castle/ink survey
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 299
Monument Start Date : 100
Monument Type : Vicus, Floor, Wall, Pit, Building, Bath House
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : CU 334
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 71 SE 45
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 14964
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 1060730
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 1060762
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 1060762
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, BROUGH (VERTERAE)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1971-01-01
End Date : 1972-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BROUGH CASTLE FARM
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2016-01-01
End Date : 2016-12-31